Paramesotriton Chang, 1935

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Paramesotriton
14 species

Mesotriton Bourret, 1934, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1934: 83. Type species: Mesotriton deloustali Bourret, 1934, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Mesotriton Bolkay, 1927.

Paramesotriton Chang, 1935, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 7: 95. Also published by Chang, 1935, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 60: 425. Replacement name for Mesotriton Bourret, 1934.

Trituroides Chang, 1935, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 60: 425. Type species: Cynops chinensis Gray, 1859, by monotypy. Synonymy (with Paramesotriton) by Freytag, 1962, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 38: 451-459.

Allomesotriton Freytag, 1983, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 39: 47. Type species: Trituroides caudopunctatus Liu and Hu, 1973, by original designation.

AllomesotritonPang, Jiang, and Hu, 1992, in Jiang (ed.), Collect. Pap. Herpetol.: 89. Treatment as a subgenus of Paramesotriton.

Karstotriton Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 360. Type species: Paramesotriton zhijinensis Li, Tian, and Gu, 2008, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Paramesotriton.   

English Names

Warty Newts (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).


Northern Vietnam and southwest-central and southern China.


See Freytag, 1962, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 38: 451. Pang, Jiang, and Hu, 1992, in Jiang (ed.), Collect. Pap. Herpetol.: 89-100, reviewed the systematics of the group. Chan, Zamudio, and Wake, 2001, Copeia, 2001: 997-1009, suggested that Paramesotriton is the sister taxon of Pachytriton. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 323-336, also provided accounts. Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 44-45, provided a key to the species of China. Lü, Yuan, Pang, Yang, Yu, McGuire, Xie, and Zhang, 2004, Biochem. Genet., 42: 139-148, provided a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequence data. Weisrock, Papenfuss, Macey, Litvinchuk, Polymeni, Uğurtaş, Zhao, Jowkar, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 855-857, on the basis of DNA sequence evidence, found Paramesotriton to be in a monophyletic group with Cynops and Pachytriton. Steinfartz, Vicario, Arntzen, and Caccone, 2007, J. Exp. Zool., 308B: 139-142, found Paramesotriton to form the sister taxon of Pachytriton, and together imbedded within a paraphyletic Cynops. Wu, Rovito, Papenfuss, and Hanken, 2009, Zootaxa, 2060: 59-68, provided a molecular phylogeny of the species in the genus. Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 48, partitioned out Laotriton to render Paramesotriton monophyletic, and recognized two subgenera (Paramesotriton and Allomesotriton). Gu, Wang, Chen, Tian, and Li, 2012, Zootaxa, 3150: 59-68, found Paramesotriton to be monophyletic, the sister taxon of Laotriton, and the subgenera to be monophyletic as well. Yuan, Zhao, Jiang, Hou, He, Murphy, and Che, 2014, Asian Herpetol. Res., 5: 67–79, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the taxon based on ND2 and its flanking tRNAs as well as providing a key to the species. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 158–166, provided brief accounts of the species, range maps, and photographs. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 283–303, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 349–387, provided accounts, photographs, and range maps for the species of China.   

Contained taxa (14 sp.):

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