Paramesotriton chinensis (Gray, 1859)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Paramesotriton > Species: Paramesotriton chinensis

Cynops chinensis Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1859: 229. Syntypes: Not stated but BMNH 1947.9.6.14–15 (formerly 1859.11.18.8–9) by museum records; BMNH 1947.9.6.15 designated lectotype by Myers and Leviton, 1962, Occas. Pap. Div. Syst. Biol. Stanford Univ., 10: 1. Type locality:"River N. E. Coast of China, inland from Ningpo", China.

Triton chinensisStrauch, 1870, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, 16 (4): 51.

Triton sinesisSauvage, 1876, L’Institut, Paris, N.S.,, 4: 274. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Molge sinensisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 20.

Diemictylus sinensisStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 20.

Triturus sinensisDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 448.

Triton (Cynops) chinensisWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 292. Based on Paramesotriton hongkongensis according to XXX.

Cynops chinensisWolterstorff and Herre, 1935, Arch. Naturgesch., Leipzig, N. F., 4: 224.

Trituroides chinensisChang, 1935, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 60: 425; Chang, 1936, Contr. Etude Morphol. Biol. Syst. Amph. Urodeles Chine: 106.

Triturus sinensis boringi Herre, 1939, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 7: 84–85. Holotype: MM; destroyed in W.W.II. Type locality: "Linhai" (= Taichow), Zhejiang Province, China.

Triturus chinensisPope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 23.

Paramesotriton chinensisFreytag, 1962, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 38: 451–459.

Trituroides chinensisSichuan Biological Research Institute, 1977, Syst. Key Chinese Amph.: 14.

Paramesotriton chinensis chinensisFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 61–62; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 90.

Triturus sinensis boringaeMichels and Bauer, 2004, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 52: 84. Unjustified emendation according to Dubois, 2007, Zootaxa, 1550: 67.

Paramesotriton (Paramesotriton) chinensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 49, 65.

English Names

Chinese Warty Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 48).

Chinese Newt (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 32).


Zhejiang and west and south into Anhui to northeastern Jiangxi and northern Fujian, China, 200 to 1200 m elevation.  


See accounts by Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 15; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 88; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 48; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 324–325. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 22–23, provided an account (as Trituroides chinensis) for Zhejiang. In the Paramesotriton chinensis group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 45 (although they only addressed Chinese species). Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 130, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Wu, Rovito, Papenfuss, and Hanken, 2009, Zootaxa, 2060: 59–68, noted that the Guangxi population of Paramesotriton chinensis is now referred to Paramesotriton ermizhaoi (this population having now been placed into the synonymy of Paramesotriton labiatus). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 86–87, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 112, provided an account, photographs, and map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 158–159, provided a brief account, range map, and photograph and noted that records from Guangxi, China, are referable to Paramesotriton longliensis and Paramesotriton zhijinensisSparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 286–288, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 372–375, provided an account, photograph, and range map. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 17, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph.   

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