Lyciasalamandra luschani (Steindachner, 1891)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Lyciasalamandra > Species: Lyciasalamandra luschani

Molge Luschani Steindachner, 1891, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 100: 306. Syntypes: NHMW; NHMW 15077 designated lectotype by Eiselt, 1956, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 61: 101-103. Type locality: "Tortukar (Dodurga-Assary)", Lycia, southeastern Anatolia, Turkey.

Salamandra luschaniBoulenger, 1892, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 9: 74.

Molge luschaniBedriaga, 1892, Congr. Internatn. Zool., Moscow, Part 1: 242.

Mertensiella luschaniWolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 244.

Mertensiella luschani luschaniPieper, 1963, Senckenb. Biol., 44: 442.

Salamandra (Mertensiella) luschaniÖzeti, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 287.

Mertensiella luschaniThorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 182.

Mertensiella luschani finikensis Başoğlu and Atatür, 1976 "1975", Istanbul Univ. Fen. Fak. Mec., Seri B, 40: 90. Holotype: SZE 5/1976.7, by original designation. Type locality: "hill-like terrain lying just on the northern border of the town (Finike)", southwestern Anatolia, Turkey.

Mertensiella luschani basoglui Baran and Atatür, 1980, Sci. Rep. Fac. Sci. Ege Univ., Izmir, 248: 4. Holotype: SZE 24/1978-1, by original designation. Type locality: "Nadarlar Köyü-Kas (Antalya)", Anatolia, Turkey. Synonymy with Mertensiella luschani helverseni by Moravec, 1997, in Böhme et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Bonn.: 284, but this was implicitly not accepted by Veith and Steinfartz, 2004, Salamandra, 40: 76.

Salamandra luschaniWeisrock, Macey, Uğurtaş, Larson, and Papenfuss, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 18: 434.

Lyciasalamandra luschaniVeith and Steinfartz, 2004, Salamandra, 40: 71.

English Names

Luschan's Salamander (Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 34; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 32; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Lycian's Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 32).

Lycian Salamander (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 51).


Found from Patara to Finiki, southwestern Anatolia (Turkey), 0–400 m elevation, and the adjacent Greek island of Kastellorizo and its satellite islets of Saria and Kasos.


See comment under Mertensiella. Obst in Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 74–76, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 162–163, provided brief accounts by subspecies, figure, and map. Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou, and Foufopoulos, 2008, Amph. Rept. Greece: 143-146, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 603. Beukema, de Pous, and Brakels, 2009, Z. Feldherpetol., 16: 115–126, discussed the range of Lyciasalamandra luschani finikensisRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 208–210, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 249–251, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 73–74, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 174, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph (see p. 210 for photographs and map of subspecies)  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.