Salamandra algira Bedriaga, 1883

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Salamandra > Species: Salamandra algira

Salamandra maculosa var. algira Bedriaga, 1883, Arch. Naturgesch., 49: 252. Type(s): Not stated or known to exist; NHMW 9251 designated neotype by Eiselt, 1958, Abh. Ber. Naturkd. Magdeburg, 10: 133. Gemel, Gassner, and Schweiger, 2019, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, Ser. B, 121: 42, noted that 6 specimens reside under the number NHMW 9251, of which 9251.2 is the likely neotype due to its bear the locality given by Eiselt (1958). Type locality: "Mont Edough bei Bôna", Algeria; neotype from "Mt. Edough bei Bône, Algerien".

Salamandra salamandra algiraNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 187.

Salamandra algiraVeith, 1996, Amphibia-Reptilia, 17: 174–177.

Salamandra algira algiraDonaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 88, by implication.

Salamandra algira tingitana Donaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 88. Holotype: MNCN 41037, by original designation. Type locality: "500 m altitude on Jabal Muse (= Jabal Mousa) north Morocco". See Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 25–26, for justification of validity as an electronic publication. 

Salamandra algira spelaea Escoriza and Comas, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 80. Holotype: MNCN 2005-05550, by original designation. Type locality: "Ouartass, Beni Snassen massif, Northeast-Morocco (Locality 5, at approximately 1300 m above sea level)".

Salamandra (Algiandra) algira algiraDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra (Algiandra) algira spelaeaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra (Algiandra) tingitanaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Salamandra algira splendens Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 26. Holotype: RMNH 40173, by original designation. Type locality: "Aïn Tissimilan, Jebel el Kelaâ, Chefchaouen, western Rif Mountains, Morocco (N 35°10.5, W 5°14.6, 700 m a.s.l.)". 

Salamandra algira atlantica Hernandez and Escoriza, 2019, ZooKeys, 893 : 146. Holotype: MNCN 50499, by original designation. Type locality: "Jbel Tazekka, Taza Province, Middle Atlas Mountains, northern Morocco (34.15N, 4.00W) at 810 m a.s.l". /zoobank.org/22C2B256-0F9B-4063-93B4-7C3DB84AA9E4 

Salamandra (Salamandra) algira algira — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

Salamandra (Salamandra) algira atlantica — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

Salamandra (Salamandra) algira spelaea — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

Salamandra (Salamandra) algira splendens — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

Salamandra (Salamandra) algira tingitana — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

English Names

North African Fire Salamander (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 606).

Atlas Fire Salamander (Salamandra algira atlanticaHernandez and Escoriza, 2019, ZooKeys, 893 : 146). 

Distribution

Atlas Mountains of northern Morocco, vicinity of Ceuta, Spain, and northern Algeria. All in isolated populations in in humid places in the northern mountains. 

Comment

See account by Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109: 7. Donaire-Barroso and Bogaerts, 2003, Podarcis, 4: 84–100, discussed the systematics of this species. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 203–204, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 606, who regarded the Tunisian record as suspect. Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 35, based their taxonomic decision to recognize Salamandra tingitana as a distinct species on evidence provided by Steinfartz, Veith, and Tautz, 2000, Mol. Ecol., 9: 397–410, and Escoriza and Comas, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 77–90. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Escoriza, Bogaerts, Toxopeus, de Bie, Roca, and Carranza, 2010, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 101: 626–641, suggested that Salamandra algira spelaea is the sister taxon of Salamandra algira algira + Salamandra algira tingitana. These authors rejected the recognition of Salamandra tingitana as a distinct species although noting that the allopatric populations are ecologically distinctive and diagnosible. Reques, Pleguezuelos, Busack, and de Pous, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 23–50, discussed the range and conservation status in Morocco. Amor, Kalboussi, and Said, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 85–100, discussed the possibility of this species ranging into Tunisia and rejected it. Mateo, Géniez, and Pether, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 51–83, provided a range map and comments on the range and population status in Algeria. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 22–29, discussed the geographic variation within Morocco. Velo-Antón, García-Cardenete, Jiménez Cazalla, and Martínez-Freiría, 2014, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 25: 46–50, discussed the ranges of the nominal subspecies, their reproductive modes, with special reference to the Tingatana Peninsula, Morocco. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 311–314, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Mediani, Brito, and Fahd, 2015, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 29: 81–107, provided a dot map for northern Morocco. Merabet, Sanchez, Dahmana, Bogaerts, Donaire-Barroso, Steinfartz, Joger, Vences, and Karar, 2016, Amphibia-Reptilia, 37: 1–8, reported on molecular phylogeography in Algeria. Ben Hassine, Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Escoriza, and Martínez-Solano, 2016, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 54: 116–126, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the allopatric and diagnosable populations, retaining the allopatric subspecies without telling us what a subspecies is in an evolutionary framework. Donaire and Bogaerts, 2016, Butll. Soc. Catalana Herpetol., 23: 64–70, mapped the ranges of the nominal subspecies in Morocco with a discussion of intergrade zones. Hernandez and Escoriza, 2017, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 28: 60–61, provided an easternmost record in Morocco and mapped the species in Morocco. Dinis and Velo-Antón, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 540–546, discussed divergent mtDNA lineages and the distribution of parity types in Salamandra algira tingatana. Bouzid, Konecny, Grolet, Douady, Joly, and Bouslama, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 461–471, reported on phylogeography, color pattern, and skeletochronology in the Edough Massif of northeastern Algeria. Dinis, Merabet, Martínez-Freiría, Steinfartz, Vences, Burgon, Elmer, Donaire-Barroso, Hinckley, Fahd, Joger, Fawzi, Slimani, and Velo-Antón, 2018 "2019", Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 130: 81–91, reported on the allopatric diversification and biogeography over the entire range. Hernandez, 2018, Herpetol. Bull., London, 144: 19–21, discussed the range in Morocco and provided new cave localities. See detailed account by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 104–113. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 36–37, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Mabrouki, Taybi, Skalli, and Sánchez-Vialas, 2019, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 33: 19–32, commented on and mapped the species in the Mouloua River Basin and adjacent areas in eastern Morocco. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 162, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph (see p. 206–207 for photographs and map of subspecies). Hernandez and Escoriza, 2019, ZooKeys, 893: 143–158, discussed geographic variation and provided a dot map of the named lineages. 

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