Salamandra lanzai Nascetti, Andreone, Capula, and Bullini, 1988

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrinae > Genus: Salamandra > Species: Salamandra lanzai

Salamandra lanzai Nascetti, Andreone, Capula, and Bullini, 1988, Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 6: 619. Holotype: MSNT A47/1, by original designation. Type locality: "Monviso Massif, 2020 m a. s. l., Cottian Alps, 30 km NW from Saluzzo (Cuneo, Piedmont)", Italy.

Salamandra (Mimandra) lanzaiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 69.

Salamandra (Alpandra) lanzai — Raffaëlli, 2020, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 174: 11. 

English Names

Large Alpine Salamander (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 61).

Lanza's Fire Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Lanza's Alpine Salamander (Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 67).

Lanza's Salamander (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 231).


Alps of the Italy–France border, north of the Monviso, in the Cottian Alps, 1500–2200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: France, Italy


See Riberon, Sotiriou, Miaud, Andreone, and Taberlet, 2002, Copeia, 2002: 229–232, who noted the absence of geographic variation in molecular markers. See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 66-67. See account by Grossenbacher, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIB): 1047-1058. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 161, provided a brief account, figure, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 606. See detailed account by Lanza, Andreone, Bologna, Corti, and Razzetti, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 215-221, for the Italian population. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 184, provided a brief account. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 207, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 323–324, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 68–70, provided a compact account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 165, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 231–232, provided subspecies accounts, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Giuliano, Seglie, Bergò, Cavalcante, Favelli, Gigio, Bloc, Gaggino, Massara, Pucci, Rastelli, Miaud, and Rizzioli, 2024, Herpetol. J., 45: 35–47, investigated predictive range models for the species and estimated the time of its extinction. 

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