Ichthyophis tricolor Annandale, 1909

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Ichthyophiidae > Genus: Ichthyophis > Species: Ichthyophis tricolor

Ichthyophis glutinosus tricolor Annandale, 1909, Rec. Indian Mus., 3: 286. Syntypes: Presumably ZSIC (2 specimens); Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 148, thought that there was a single type in the ZSIC, but he did not locate it there. Type locality: "at or near the base of the Western Ghats in the State of Travancore . . . . at Maddathorai in a hollow tree".

Ichthyophis tricolorTaylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 148.

Epicrium tricolor — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 407. 

English Names

Maddatorai Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25).

Three-colored Caecilian (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 131).


Known from a few localities in the Western Ghats of southeastern India (Tamil Nadu and Kerala) with one isolated record in southwestern Karnataka.


See accounts by Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 27, Bhatta, 1998, J. Biosciences, Bangalore, 23: 73–85, Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 172: 56-58, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 192. Gower, Bahir, Mapatuna, Pethiyagoda, Raheem, and Wilkinson, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 153-161, noted that the nominal species may be composite. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 86-87, provided an account and noted that some authors regarded Ichthyophis tricolor as a color variant of Ichthyophis beddomei. A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map (including a record for Karnataka) provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 183. See also account by : 73–85. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted one larval description in the literature. 

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