Duttaphrynus dhufarensis (Parker, 1931)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Duttaphrynus > Species: Duttaphrynus dhufarensis

Bufo dhufarensis Parker, 1931, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 8: 518. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.66 (formerly 1931.7.16.1) according to Arnold, 1980, J. Oman Stud., Spec. Rep., 2: 275. Type locality: "Milwah Alaud (220 ft.)", 17° 08′ N, 54° 19′ E, 65 m elevation, Oman.

"Bufo" dhufarensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363. Excluded from Bufo and unassigned to genus.

Duttaphrynus dhufarensisVan Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 4.

English Names

Oman Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Western mountains from vicinity of Mecca and into the Ha'il Region of north-central Saudi Arabia south and to southern peripheral Arabia, including Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Masirah I.; Najd region of Saudi Arabia.


In the Bufo arabicus (formerly Bufo orientalis) group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 160. In the Bufo stomaticus group of Inger, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 107. Arnold, 1980, J. Oman Stud., Spec. Rep., 2: 273-332, discussed this and other Arabian species, noting that Bufo dhufarensis is very similar to Bufo scorteccii Balletto and Cherchi, 1970. See account by Balletto, Cherchi, and Gasperetti, 1985, Fauna Saudi Arabia, 7: 335-343. Dubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 345-350, discussed previous confusion of this species with Bufo andersonii and Bufo stomaticus. See accounts by Leviton, Anderson, Adler, and Minton, 1992, Handb. Middle East Amph. Rept.: 142, and Schätti and Desvoignes, 1999, Herpetofauna S. Yemen and Sokotra: 32-33. Cunningham and Wronski, 2010, Afr. Herp News, 52: 20-21, reported the species from the mountains north of Riyadh in the central Najd area and discussed the range. Alshammari and Ibnrahim, 2018, Adv. Bioresearch, Agra, 9: 165–177, reported on habitat and localities in the Ha'il Region of north-central Saudi Arabia. 

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