Discoglossus Otth, 1837

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Discoglossus
5 species

Discoglossus Otth, 1837, Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Naturwiss., 1: 6. Type species: Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837, by monotypy.

Colodactylus Tschudi, 1845, Arch. Naturgesch., 11: 167. Type species: Colodactylus coerulescens Tschudi, 1845, by monotypy. Synonymy by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 623; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445.

English Names

Painted Frogs (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).


Southern Europe, northwestern Africa.


See Lanza, Cei, and Crespo, 1975, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 9: 153–162, for history of taxonomy and relationships of species. Lanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1984, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 18: 133–152; Capula, Nascetti, Lanza, Bullini, and Crespo, 1985, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 19: 69–90; and Martínez-Solano, 2004, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 42: 298–305, and Fromhage, Vences, and Veith, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 31: 308–322 discussed molecular relationships of western Mediterranean species, as did Capula and Corti, 1993, J. Zool., London, 231: 141–156, and Capula and Corti, 1993, Suppl. Ricerche Biol. Selvaggina, 21: 597–604. Busack, 1986, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 55: 41–61, discussed Spanish and Moroccan species. Odierna, Aprea, Capriglione, Parisi, Arribas, and Morescalchi, 1999, Ital. J. Zool., 66: 273–283, discussed phylogenetics of Discoglossus on the basis of karyology. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 126–130, discussed the Iberian populations. Velo-Antón, Martínez-Solano, and García-París, 2008, Amphibia-Reptilia, 29: 523–533, discussed the taxonomic status of Iberian populations. Pabijan, Crottini, Reckwell, Irisarri, Hauswaldt, and Vences, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 64: 690–696, reported on molecular evolution and a tree of the species. Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Salvi, Geffen, Gafny, and Martínez-Solano, 2014, Herpetol. J., 24:  261–265, reported on novel microsatellite loci with special reference to comparing Discoglossus jeanneae and Discoglossus galganoi. Vences, de Pous, Nicolas, Díaz-Rodríguez, Donaire-Barroso, Hugemann, Hauswaldt, Amat, Barnestein, Bogaerts, Bouazza, Carranza, Galán, González de la Vega, Joger, Lansari, El Mouden, Ohler, Sanuy, Slimani, and Tejedo, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 305–320, reported on molecular phylogenetics in the genus but within a biological species paradigm. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 38–39, provided brief accounts, photographs, and range maps for the African species. Martínez-Gil, Martínez-Freiría, Perera, Enriquez-Urzelai, Martínez-Solano, Velo-Antón, and Kaliontzopoulou, 2022, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 135: 462–477, examined, within a phylogenetic framework, phenotypic and climatic diversity of the species. 

Contained taxa (5 sp.):

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