Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Discoglossus > Species: Discoglossus pictus

Discoglossus pictus Otth, 1837, Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Naturwiss., 1: 6. Syntype(s): MZUT (2 specimens) according to Clarke, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 108. Type locality: "Sicilien und Spanien, wahrscheinlich auch Unter-Italien"; restricted to "Sizilien" (= Sicily) by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 15.

Pseudis pictaBonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 445 (ascribed in error to Fitzinger); Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 426.

Rana pictaSchlegel, 1841, in Wagner (ed.), Reisen Regentschaft Algier, 3: 106.

Pseudes pictusLeunis, 1844, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 1: 146; Leunis, 1860, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 2: 146.

Colodactylus coerulescens Tschudi, 1845, Arch. Naturgesch., 11: 168. Type(s): not designated, but presumably originally in MHNN, but not noted in recent type lists. Type locality: "Republica Peruana" (in error); given as "Quebrada von Huarochirin an dem sumpfigen Ufer eines kleinen Flüsschens auf einer Höhe von 4700 Füss u. M. gefunden", Peru, by Tschudi, 1846 "1845", Untersuch. Fauna Peruana, Herpetol.: 68. Tentative synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445.

Discoglossus pictus var. pictaGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 35 [sic].

Discoglossus algirus Lataste, 1879, Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, Ser. 4, 3: 333. Syntypes: part of "No. 113" and "No. 634", collection presumably that of Lataste, presumably ultimately deposited in the BMNH. Type locality: "Alger" and "env. D'Alger", Algeria. Synonymy by Lanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 40: 16, who incorrectly considered this name a nomen oblitum. Name unavailable for reason of being coined as a junior synonym of Discoglossus pictus; for discussion see Crochet and Dubois, 2006, Zootaxa, 1335: 51–53.

Discoglossus pictusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445.

Colodactylus caerulescensBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 445. Typographic error in synonymy.

Discoglossus pictus var. vittata Camerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 208. Type(s): Mpt stated; presumably MZUT. Type localities: "Spagnuoli ed Algerini".

Discoglossus pictus var. ocellata Camerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 209. Type(s): Not stated, but presumably MZUT. Type locality: "Sicilia", Italy.

Discoglossus pictus var. pictusCamerano, 1884 "1883", Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 35: 209, by implication.

Discoglossus auritus Herón-Royer, 1888, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 13: 205. Syntype(s): Not designated but including BMNH 1892.4.18.49–50 (reregistered 1947.2.25.99 and 1947.2.26.1) according to museum records. Type locality: "des environs d'Alger", Algeria. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1895, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, 13: 160.

Discoglossus pictus auritusLanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 40: 16.

English Names

Painted Frog (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 161; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 62; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 51; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 47; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 62).


Mediterranean Africa in Morocco (east of the Moulouya River), Tunisia and northern Algeria; Sicily (Italy) and Malta; introduced in northeastern Spain and adjacent southwestern France.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Algeria, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Tunisia

Introduced: France, Spain


 Lanza, Cei, and Crespo, 1975, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 9: 153–162, provided immunological evidence for the species distinctiveness of Discoglossus pictus and Discoglossus sardusLanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 86–91, reported on the Italian populations. See Lanza, Nascetti, Capula, and Bullini, 1986, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 40: 16–27, for subspecies. Glaw and Vences, 1991, Amphibia-Reptilia, 12: 385–394, described and discussed the advertisement call. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 267–268, provided an account and polygon map. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 55–57, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya. See account by Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109: 13. Veith and Martens, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 104–105, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 137–139, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Spain. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 62, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 140, reported on introduced populations in southern France and northeastern Spain. Zangari, Cimmaruta, and Nascetti, 2006, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 87: 515–516, reported on allozymic and mtDNA phylogeography and rejected subspecies. Franch, Llorente, Montori, Richter-Boix, and Carranza, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 356–359, discussed the range of the introduced European component. See detailed account for Italy by Capula, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 312–318. Amor, Odierna, Chinali, Said, and Picariello, 2010, Cytogenet. Genome Res., 127: 33–42, reported on an karyology. Amor, Velo-Antón, Farjallah, and Said, 2010, Afr. Zool., 45: 121–128, reported a lack of genetic phylogeographic structure in Tunisia. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 63–65, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain and adjacent France. Mateo, Ayres, and López-Jurado, 2011, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 22: 4, discussed introduced populations in northeastern Spain. Reques, Pleguezuelos, Busack, and de Pous, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 23–50, discussed the range and conservation status in Morocco. Amor, Kalboussi, and Said, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 85–100, discussed the range in Tunisia and its conservation status. Mateo, Géniez, and Pether, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 51–83, provided a range map, comments on the range and population status in Algeria. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 35–36, provided an account for Morocco. Vences, de Pous, Nicolas, Díaz-Rodríguez, Donaire-Barroso, Hugemann, Hauswaldt, Amat, Barnestein, Bogaerts, Bouazza, Carranza, Galán, González de la Vega, Joger, Lansari, El Mouden, Ohler, Sanuy, Slimani, and Tejedo, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 305–320, reported on molecular phylogenetics. Llorente, Montori, and Pujol-Buxó, 2015, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 26: 12–17, reported on the state of knowledge of the species in the Iberian Peninsula. Mediani, Brito, and Fahd, 2015, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 29: 81–107, provided a dot map for northern Morocco. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 128–129, provided a brief account and distribution map. See detailed account by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 120–132. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 38–39, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Mabrouki, Taybi, Skalli, and Sánchez-Vialas, 2019, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 33: 19–32, commented on and mapped the species in the Mouloua River Basin and adjacent areas in eastern Morocco. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 35, for brief summary of range, identification morphology, and biology as well as a photograph (see p. 193 for photographs and map of nominal subspecies). Renet, Duguet, Policain, Piquet, Fradet, Priol, Deso, Grimal, Sotgiu, and Vences, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14: 189–199, reported on introduced populations in France. Dufresnes, Pribille, Alard, Gonçalves, Amat, Crochet, Dubey, Perrin, Fumagalli, Vences, and Martínez-Solano, 2020, Heredity, 124: 423–438, discussed the evidence for species delimitation and the narrow zone of hybridization with Discoglossus scovazzi. Nouira, Blanc, Crochet, Frétey, Géniez, Ineich, De Massary, Ohler, Tlili, and Lescure, 2022, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 180: 11, discussed the relevant systematics literature for North Africa. 

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