Lynchius flavomaculatus (Parker, 1938)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Strabomantidae > Subfamily: Pristimantinae > Genus: Lynchius > Species: Lynchius flavomaculatus

Eleutherodactylus flavomaculatus Parker, 1938, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 2: 440. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.16.11 (formerly 1935.11.3.16), according to J.D. Lynch in Cannatella, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 336. Type locality: "15 kilometres east of Loja City, [Loja Province,] Ecuador, at an altitude of approximately 3,000 metres".

Niceforonia flavomaculataLynch, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 273.

Phrynopus flavomaculatusLynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 35: 18.

Eleutherodactylus flavomaculatusLehr, 2006, Herpetologica, 62: 338.

"Eleutherodactylus" flavomaculatusHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 4.

Lynchius flavomaculatusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 109.

English Names

Yellow-spotted Andes Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Known from between 2215 and 3100 m elevation on the eastern Andean Cordillera in Lojas Province, southern Ecuador, and from 3100 m in the Río Blanco Basin, Departamento de Piura in northern Peru (see comment).


In the Phrynopus flavomaculatus group. Phrynopus parkeri and Phrynopus pereger (now Eleutherodactylus pereger) may be synonyms according to Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 35: 34. Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 25: 132-133, provided distributional data for Ecuador. Lehr, 2006, Herpetologica, 62: 338, transferred this species to the Eleutherodactylus nigrovittatus group. Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10092-10097, removed this species from nominal Eleutherodactylus but did not provide a new generic name. See comment by Lehr, 2006, Herpetologica, 62: 338. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Phrynopus flavomaculatus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 405. See Duellman and Lehr, 2009, Terrest.-breeding Frogs in Peru: 87-88, for brief account. See account by Motta, Chaparro, Pombal, Guayasamin, De la Riva, and Padial, 2016, Herpetol. Monogr., 30: 124–126. Székely, Eguiguren, Ordóñez-Delgado, Armijos-Ojeda, and Székely, 2020, PLoS One, 15(9: e0238306): 9–10, noted that the advertisement call is unknown, and suggested on molecular grounds that the nominal species is a complex of at least 4 species, with the Peru specimen in particular noted as likely distinct. 

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