Parapelophryne scalpta (Liu and Hu, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Parapelophryne > Species: Parapelophryne scalpta

Nectophryne scalptus Liu and Hu In Liu, Hu, Fei, and Huang, 1973, Acta Zool. Sinica, 19: 389. Holotype: CIB 64III0604, by original designation. Type locality: "Xin-min Ziang, Wuzhi Shan, Hainan, altitude 750 m", China.

Pelophryne scalpta — Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 73. Agreement in gender.

Parapelophryne scalptaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2003, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 28: 762, 766; Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 96.

Pelophryne scalptusStuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 203. Incorrect gender of species name.

English Names

Hainan Flathead Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Hainan Little Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 138).


Hilly region of southern Hainan Island, China, 350 to 1400 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 194; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 140-141. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 203. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 586-590, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 243, provided a brief account including photographs. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 40-41, provided an account as Pelophryne scalptaFei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 823–824, provided an account, photographs, and spot map. Yeung and Yang, 2020, Zootaxa, 4890: 296–300, reported on call characteristics. 

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