Centrolene heloderma (Duellman, 1981)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Centrolene > Species: Centrolene heloderma

Centrolenella heloderma Duellman, 1981, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 88: 4. Holotype: KU 164715, by original designation. Type locality: "Quebrada Zapadores, 5 km east-southeast of Chiriboga, 2010 m, Provincia de Pichincha, Ecuador (00° 17′ S, 78° 47′ W)".

Centrolene helodermumRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 19. Unjustified treatment of the species name (a noun) as an adjective.

Centrolene helodermatumDuellman, 1993, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 21: 35. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Pichincha Giant Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Bumpy Glassfrog (Arteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 40). 

Warty Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 43). 


Cloud forest on the Pacific slopes of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia (departments of Antioquia, Cauca, Valle del Cauca, and Risaralda) south to the Tandayapa and Saloya Valleys, in Ecuador (provinces of Imbabura, Pichincha, and Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas) at elevations of 1850–2575 m. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


In the Centrolene prosoblepon group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 52, discussed the species in Ecuador and provided access to the relevant literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 209. Catenazzi, von May, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Lehr, and Guayasamin, 2012, Zootaxa, 3388: 64, confirmed the placement of this species in CentroleneArteaga-Navarro, Bustamante, and Guayasamin, 2013, Amph. Rept. Mindo: 40–42, provided an account and map for Ecuador and noted severe population crashes. Krynak, Wessels, Imba, and Lyons, 2018, Check List, 14: 261–265, provided a new record from Pichincha Province, Ecuador, and discussed apparently extinct populations and current threats. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 43–46, provided a detailed account, including adult morphology, advertisement call, relationships, natural history, and conservation status.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.