Sachatamia ilex (Savage, 1967)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Sachatamia > Species: Sachatamia ilex

Centrolenella ilex Savage, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 326. Holotype: LACM 25205, by original designation. Type locality: "Costa Rica: Provincia de Limón: Canton de Limón: Alta Talamanca: 16 km SW Amubri, on Río Lari, 300 m."; corrected to "14 km SW Amubri, Río Lari, Cantón de Talamanca, Provincia de Limon, 300 m" by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 76.

Centrolene ilexRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 20.

Sachatamia ilexGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 36.

English Names

Limon Giant Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).

Holly's Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 222). 


Caribbean slopes of eastern Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, to western Colombia, and the Chocoan forest of western Ecuador (Esmeraldas and Pichincha provinces), 150–800 m elevation; Pacific drainage of central Costa Rica in the caldera of the Río Grande de Tárcoles.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama


The Colombian population may represent a distinct species according to C.W. Myers In Duellman and Burrowes, 1989, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 132: 1-14. In the Centrolene prosoblepon group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1–30. See account (as Centrolenella ilex) by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 360–361. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, Yánez-Muñoz, and Bustamante, 2006, Check List, 2(1): 70-75, discussed the range and provided Ecuadorian localities. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 53–54, discussed the species in Ecuador and provided access to the relevant literature. Kubicki, 2007, Glass Frogs Costa Rica: 84–97, provided an account and detailed range map for Costa Rica (as Centrolenella ilex). See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 117–127, compared the centrolenid species of Central America and provided an identification key, maps, and photographs. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 222–226, provided a detailed account, including adult and larval morphology, advertisement call, relationships, natural history, and conservation status. 

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