Teratohyla spinosa (Taylor, 1949)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Teratohyla > Species: Teratohyla spinosa

Centrolenella spinosa Taylor, 1949, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 259. Holotype: KU 23809, by original designation. Type locality: "Los Diamantes, one mile south of Guápiles, [Cantón de Pococí, Provincia Limón,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 90, commented on the type locality.

Teratohyla spinosaTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 35.

Centrolenella spinosaSavage, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 328.

Cochranella spinosaRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 23.

Teratohyla spinosaGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 37.

English Names

Spiny Cochran Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Dwarf Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 241). 


Caribbean slopes of northeastern Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica; Pacific slopes from Costa Rica, along the lowlands through western Colombia to the northern and central Pacific lowlands of Ecuador, below 700 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


In the Cochranella ocellata group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1–30; in the Cochranella spinosa group of Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1995, Lozania, 62: 1–23. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Cochranella spinosa) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 772. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 365–367, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 213–215. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2005, Check List, 1(1): 20, provided discussed the range and provided new Ecuadorian localities. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 37, detailed the departmental distribution in Honduras. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 64, discussed the species in Ecuador and noted the relevant literature. Kubicki, 2007, Glass Frogs Costa Rica: 154–167, provided an account and detailed range map for Costa Rica. Cisneros-Heredia, 2009, Check List, 5: 912–916, discussed the range. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Travers, Townsend, Sunyer, Obando, Wilson, and Nickerson, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 399, noted a new locality in Nicaragua (Atlántico Norte). Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 117–127, compared the centrolenid species of Central America and provided an identification key, maps, and photographs. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 241–244, provided a detailed account, including adult and larval morphology, advertisement call, relationships, natural history, and conservation status. 

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