Vitreorana gorzulae (Ayarzagüena, 1992)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Vitreorana > Species: Vitreorana gorzulae

Centrolenella gorzulae Ayarzagüena, 1992, Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 1: 19. Holotype: MHNLS 11221, by original designation. Type locality: "Cerro Auyantepuy-Cento. Edo. Bolívar. Venezuela. (5° 56′ N—62° 34′ W). 1.850 msnm".

Centrolene gorzulaiDuellman, 1993, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 21: 35. Unjustified emendation of the species name according to Dubois, 2007, Zootaxa, 1550: 67.

Centrolenella auyantepuiana Señaris and Ayarzagüena, 1994 "1993", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 53: 122. Holotype: MHNLS 12482, by original designation. Type locality: "Sector centro oeste del Auyan-tepui, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela (05°54′N - 62°38′O). 1 850 m s.n.m." Synonymy by Duellman and Señaris, 2003, Herpetologica, 59: 251.

Hyalinobatrachium auyantepuianaAyarzagüena and Señaris, 1997 "1996", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 8: 5. Disagreement in gender.

Cochranella auyantepuianaMyers and Donnelly, 1997, Am. Mus. Novit., 3213: 16.

Hyalinobatrachium auyantepuianumMyers and Donnelly, 1997, Am. Mus. Novit., 3213: 71.

Centrolene papillahallicum Noonan and Harvey, 2000, Herpetologica, 56: 295. Holotype: Univ. Guyana, Centre for the Study of Biodiversity HA 721, by original designation. Type locality: "a small stream on Peters Mountain 3.6 km N of Imbaimadai in the Pacaraima Mountains, 600 m, Administrative Region 7, Guyana; 05° 44′ N, 60° 18′ W". Synonymy by Kok and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2008, Zootaxa, 1680: 25–53.

Centrolene lema Duellman and Señaris, 2003, Herpetologica, 59: 247. Holotype: KU 181128, by original designation. Type locality: "Km 127 on the road from El Dorado to Santa Elena de Uairén (05° 59′ N, 61° 24′ W, 1250 m), north slope of Sierra de Lema, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela". Synonymy by Castroviejo-Fisher, Guayasamin, and Kok, 2009, Zootaxa, 1980: 16-28.

Vitreorana gorzulaeGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 39.

English Names

Bolivar Giant Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).


Known from Auyantepui, Atapare, and Sierra de Lema, state of Bolívar, Venezuela, 430 to 1850 m elevation, as well as Kaieteur National Park, Maringma tepui, and Peters Mountain in Guyana; presumably to be found in adjacent areas of Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Guyana, Venezuela

Likely/Controversially Present: Brazil


See distributional comment by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 21. In the Centrolene gorzulae group of Duellman and Señaris, 2003, Herpetologica, 59: 251. See comment under Centrolene papillahallicum. Señaris and Ayarzagüena, 2005, Rev. Taxonom. Fam. Centrolenidae de Venezuela: 79–85, provided a review of the morphology, natural history, and range of this species (as Centrolene gorzulai and Centrolene lema). Brandon-Jones, Duckworth, Jenkins, Rylands, and Sarmiento, 2007, Zootaxa, 1541: 41–48, provided a discussion for why gorzulae is not emendable to gorzulai. See account by Kok and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2008, Zootaxa, 1680: 34–39 (as Centrolene gorzulai), who provided the records from Guyana. Myers and Donnelly, 2008, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 308: 29-30, provided an account. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 41, suggested that Centrolene papillahallicum is conspecific with Centrolene gorzulae, but witheld a formal taxonomic change pending ongoing research by others on this topic; Kok and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2008, Zootaxa, 1680: 25–53, subsequently made the synonymy. Castroviejo-Fisher, Guayasamin, and Kok, 2009, Zootaxa, 1980: 16-28, provided new data on distribution and ecology. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 134–135, provided an account. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 384, for brief account and records for Guyana. Señaris, Lampo, Rojas-Runjaic, and Barrio-Amorós, 2014, Guía Ilust. Anf. Parque Nac. Canaima: 83–84, provided a photograph and a brief account for the Parque Nacional de Canaima, Venezuela. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 22–23, for comments on range, taxonomy, and literature. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. 

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