Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (Boettger, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Hyalinobatrachinae > Genus: Hyalinobatrachium > Species: Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni

Hylella fleischmanni Boettger, 1893, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1893: 251. Syntypes: SMF; SMF 3760 designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 42; considered holotype by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 189. Type locality: "San José, [Canton de San José, Provincia San José,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105-106, commented on the type locality.

Hylella chrysops Cope, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 46: 196. Syntypes: Originally 252 in Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, now possibly in AMNH, but reported as lost by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63, and Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 189. SMF 3760 (holotype of Hylella fleischmanni Boettger) designated neotype by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63. Type localities: "Alajuela" and "San José", Costa Rica. Neotype from "San José, [Provincia San José,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1895, Zool. Rec., 31: 41; Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 166: 287; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 225.

Hyla fleischmanniNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 225.

Centrolenella fleischmanniNoble, 1924, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 37: 69.

Cochranella chrysopsTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 35.

Cochranella fleischmanniTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 34.

Cochranella viridissimaTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 34.

Cochranella decorata Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 50. Holotype: KU 37896, by original designation. Type locality: "H[acien]da. La Florencia, about 3 miles west [in error, 3 mi. SSE] of Turrialba, [Cantón de Turrialba,] Cartago Province, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 91, commented on and corrected the type locality. Synonymy by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63.

Cochranella millepunctata Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 53. Holotype: KU 37896, by original designation. Type locality: "La Palma, San José Province, Costa Rica". Synonymy by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 64.

Cochranella fleischmanniRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 153. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Centrolenella fleischmanniGoin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 1.

Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanniRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 24.

English Names

Fleischmann's Glass Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47; Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 115; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 118; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 14).

Fleischmann's Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 123). 

Distribution

Mosquitia region of eastern Honduras and Nicaragua and southwards to the Tilarán range and Central Valley in Costa Rica. 

Comment

Literature prior to 2020, for the most part includes references relevant to Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni, but also to species then-confused with it: Hyalinobatrachium viridissimum and Hyalinobatrachium tatayoi. Therefore, use the following literature with caution (DRF). For discussion see Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 1-66; Goin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 1-8; Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 57-78. In the Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species  in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 371-373. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Latino Am., 9: 6, noted that the records of Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni from Venezuela were attributable to Hyalinobatrachium guairarepanenseKubicki, 2007, Glass Frogs Costa Rica: 200-215, provided an account and detailed range map (as Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni) for Costa Rica. Castroviejo-Fisher, Vilà, Ayarzagüena, Blanc, and Ernst, 2011, Zootaxa, 3132: 1-55, referred all records of nominal Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni from the east side of the Andes to other species. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 121–125, compared the species of Central America and provided an identification key, maps, and photographs (which would include Hyalinobatrachium viridissimus as well as part of Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni). Mendoza, Bolívar-García, Vázquez-Domínguez, Ibáñez D., and Parra-Olea, 2019, PeerJ, 7 (e6115): 1–28, reported on mtDNA phylogeography, identifying three populations which, should nuDNA be congruent, likely will be named as species (now Hyalinobatrachium viridissimum, Hyalinobatrachium tatayoi, and  Hyalinobatrachium viridissimus). Mendoza-Henao, Arias, Townsend, and Parra-Olea, 2020, Syst. Biodiversity, 18: 464–484, redelimited the species (on the basis of DNA, calls, and morphology), partitioning Hyalinobatrachium viridissimum out of former Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni and moving South American records to Hyalinobatrachium tatayoi. 

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