Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (Boettger, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Hyalinobatrachinae > Genus: Hyalinobatrachium > Species: Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni

Hylella fleischmanni Boettger, 1893, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1893: 251. Syntypes: SMF; SMF 3760 designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 42; considered holotype by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 189. Type locality: "San José, [Canton de San José, Provincia San José,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105-106, commented on the type locality.

Hylella chrysops Cope, 1894, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 46: 196. Syntypes: Originally 252 in Museo Nacional de Costa Rica, now possibly in AMNH, but reported as lost by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63, and Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 189. SMF 3760 (holotype of Hylella fleischmanni Boettger) designated neotype by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63. Type localities: "Alajuela" and "San José", Costa Rica. Neotype from "San José, [Provincia San José,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 105, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1895, Zool. Rec., 31: 41; Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 166: 287; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 225.

Hyla fleischmanniNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 225.

Centrolenella fleischmanniNoble, 1924, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 37: 69.

Cochranella chrysopsTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 35.

Cochranella fleischmanniTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 34.

Cochranella viridissimaTaylor, 1951, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 64: 34.

Cochranella decorata Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 50. Holotype: KU 37896, by original designation. Type locality: "H[acien]da. La Florencia, about 3 miles west [in error, 3 mi. SSE] of Turrialba, [Cantón de Turrialba,] Cartago Province, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 91, commented on and corrected the type locality. Synonymy by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 63.

Cochranella millepunctata Taylor, 1958, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 39: 53. Holotype: KU 37896, by original designation. Type locality: "La Palma, San José Province, Costa Rica". Synonymy by Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 64.

Cochranella fleischmanniRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 153. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Centrolenella fleischmanniGoin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 1.

Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanniRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 24.

English Names

Fleischmann's Glass Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 22; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47; Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 115; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 118; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 14).

Fleischmann's Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 123). 

Distribution

Nicaragua (and possibly El Salvador) to Panama, northern and western Colombia (western slope of the Cordillera Occidental to the western slope of the Cordillera Oriental, and along the Colombian Caribbean) north into Sucre and south to western Ecuador (provinces of Esmeraldas, Pichincha, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Los Ríos, and Guayas), sea level to 1750 m elevation.

Comment

For discussion see Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 1-66; Goin, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 1-8; Starrett and Savage, 1973, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 72: 57-78. In the Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 371-373, and. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Latino Am., 9: 6, noted that the records of Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni from Venezuela were attributable to Hyalinobatrachium guairarepanenseCisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007 "2006", Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 3: 21-28, reviewed the literature and noted that the species referred to as "Hyalinobatrachium petersi" by Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1998, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 22: 571-586, from the southwestern Andean slopes of Colombia, is actually Hyalinobatrachium valerioi. Rada and Guayasamin, 2008, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 48: 99-100, summarized the range in Colombia. Kubicki, 2007, Glass Frogs Costa Rica: 200-215, provided an account and detailed range map for Costa Rica. Castroviejo-Fisher, Vilà, Ayarzagüena, Blanc, and Ernst, 2011, Zootaxa, 3132: 1-55, referred all records from the east side of the Andes to other species. Acosta-Galvis, 2012, Check List, 8: 794-795, provided a record for Caribbean Colombia and commented on the range. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 121–125, compared the species of Central America and provided an identification key, maps, and photographs (which would include Hyalinobatrachium viridissimus as part of Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni). Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 166, provided records for the departments of Chontales and Jinotega, Nicaragua. Cruz, Urgilés, Sánchez-Nivicela, Siddons, and Cisneros-Heredia, 2017, Check List, 13(4): 67–70, provided records for western Ecuador and discussed the overall range. Mendoza, Bolívar-García, Vázquez-Domínguez, Ibáñez D., and Parra-Olea, 2019, PeerJ, 7 (e6115): 1–28, reported on mtDNA phylogeography, identifying three populations which, should nuDNA be congruent, likely will be named as species (one of these now Hyalinobatrachium viridissimus). Ovalle-Pacheco, Camacho-Rozo, and Arroyo, 2019, Check List, 15: 392, commented on the range in Colombia. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 24–25, for comments on range, taxonomy, and literature. Mijares-Urrutia, 1998, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 46: 119–143, characterized the larval morphology as part of a key to the tadpoles of the high elevation frogs in Venezuela. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 123–126, provided a detailed account primarily focused on Ecuador, including adult and larval morphology, advertisement call, relationships, natural history, and conservation status. Mendoza-Henao, Arias, Townsend, and Parra-Olea, 2020, Syst. Biodiversity, 18: 464–484, redelimited the species, partitioning this species out of former Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni

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