Hyalinobatrachium munozorum (Lynch and Duellman, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Hyalinobatrachinae > Genus: Hyalinobatrachium > Species: Hyalinobatrachium munozorum

Centrolenella munozorum Lynch and Duellman, 1973, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 16: 40. Holotype: KU 118054, by original designation. Type locality: "Santa Cecilia, 340 m, Provincia Napo, Ecuador".

Hyalinobatrachium munozorumRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 24.

Hyalinobatrachium ruedai Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1998, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 22: 583. Holotype: ICN 40409, by original designation. Type locality: "[Colombia,] Departamento de Caquetá, municipio de Miraflores, Parque Nacional Natural de Chiribiquete, campamento base, 530 m". Synonymy by Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 128. 

English Names

Upper Amazon Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47).

Munoz's Glassfrog (Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 128). 


Upper Amazon Basin in Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Brazil (Acre), and the Departamento Pando in northern Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


Records from Colombia prior to 1985 are in error according to Duellman and Cannatella, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 82), although subsequently reported from the Villavicencio region of Colombia by Lynch, 2006, Caldasia, 28: 138. In the Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1–30. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 184–1185, provided a brief account including characterization of call and tadpole. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2005, Check List, 1(1): 20–21, provided discussed the range and provided new Ecuadorian localities. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007 "2006", Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 3: 21–28, provided a map for Ecuador. Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 56, discussed the species in Ecuador and noted the relevant literature. Castroviejo-Fisher, Padial, Chaparro, Aguayo-Vedia, and De la Riva, 2009, Zootaxa, 2143: 24–44, assigned Peruvian records to Hyalinobatrachium carlesvilai. Castroviejo-Fisher, Moravec, Aparicio, Guerrero-Reinhard, and Calderón, 2011, Zootaxa, 2798: 64–68, verified a record for Departamento Pando, Bolivia, by molecular analysis. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, McDiarmid, Peña, and Hutter, 2020, Diversity, 12 (222): 128–131, provided a detailed account, including adult morphology, advertisement call, relationships, natural history, and conservation status.

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