Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Rivero, 1968)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Hyalinobatrachinae > Genus: Hyalinobatrachium > Species: Hyalinobatrachium orientale

Centrolenella orientalis Rivero, 1968, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 28: 308. Holotype: MCZ 72497, by original designation. Type locality: "Cerro Turumiquire, 1.200 m, Estados Sucre-Monagas, Venezuela".

Centrolenella orientalis orientalisHardy, 1984, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 20: 165.

Centrolenella orientalis tobagoensis Hardy, 1984, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 20: 165. Holotype: USNM 195045, by original designation. Type locality: "along the Roxborough--Partatuvier Road in the vicinity of Bloody Bay, St. John Parish, Tobago". Subspecies status rejected by Cannatella and Lamar, 1986, J. Herpetol., 20: 309.

Hyalinobatrachium orientalisRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 24. Disagreement in gender.

Hyalinobatrachium orientaleMyers and Donnelly, 1997, Am. Mus. Novit., 3213: 16.

Hyalinobatrachium orientale tobagoensisMurphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 61.

Hyalinobatrachium orientale tobagoenseFrost, 2004, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 3.0: . Correction of gender of subspecies name.

Hyalinobatrachium orientale tobagense — Jowers, Lehtinen, Downie, Georgiadis, and Murphy, Mitochondrial DNA, 26: 5. Incorrect subsequent spelling. 

English Names

Eastern Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 47; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 9). 


Sierra de Lema and the Peninsula de Paria in the Venezuelan Guyana and Tobago I.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela


In the Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni group, according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. Cannatella and Lamar, 1986, J. Herpetol., 20: 307-317, rejected the recognition of subspecies. See redescription by Rivero, 1985, Brenesia, 23: 346. Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 22, noted geographic variation between the northern and southern populations. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 15, suggested that this is a complex of species. Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 61, provided an account for Hyalinobatrachium orientale tobagense. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Lat. Am., 9: 6, reported on distribution and relevant literature, and suggested that Hyalinobatrachium orientale is a complex of species, with the nominate form being endemic to northeastern Venezuela in the states of Monagas and Sucre. Señaris and Ayarzagüena, 2005, Rev. Taxonom. Fam. Centrolenidae de Venezuela: 207-217, provided a review of the morphology, natural history, and range of this species (in the sense of including Hyalinobatrachium orocostale). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 219. Castroviejo-Fisher, Señaris, Ayarzagüena, and Vilà, 2009 "2008", Herpetologica, 64: 472-484, reviewed the systematics of this species. Jowers, Lehtinen, Downie, Georgiadis, and Murphy, Mitochondrial DNA, 26: 613–618, on the basis of mtDNA analysis, that the Venezuela and Tobago population diverged ca. 3 mybp, warranting use of trinomials. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 25, for comments on range, taxonomy, and literature.  

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