Mannophryne trinitatis (Garman, 1888)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Aromobatinae > Genus: Mannophryne > Species: Mannophryne trinitatis

Phyllobates trinitatis Garman, 1888 "1887", Bull. Essex Inst., 19: 13. Syntypes: Including BMNH 1947.2.14.23-24, UMMZ 47218 (formerly MCZ 2181), MCZ 2181 (9 specimens) + 8 others not traced (likely including ANSP 19423, which was considered a syntype by Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353). Type locality: "Trinidad".

Prostherapis trinitatisMole and Urich, 1894, J. Trinidad Field Nat. Club, 2: 87. Barbour, 1916, in Kükenthal and Hartmeyer (eds.), Ergebnisse Zool. Forschungsreise Westindien: 439.

Prostherapis trinitatis trinitatisRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 155.

Colostethus trinitatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Mannophryne trinitatusLa Marca, 1992, Cuad. Geograf., Mérida, 9: 32. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Mannophryne trinitatisLa Marca, 1994, Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 4: 52.

English Names

Trinidad Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 8). 


Northern and central ranges of Trinidad (see comment).


See brief accounts by Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 22-24, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 62-63. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 234 (in the sense of including Mannophryne venezuelensis). See comment under Mannophryne venezuelensis. Jowers, Martínez-Solano, Cohen, Manzanilla, and Downie, 2011, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 49: 133-140, reported on the lack of geographic genetic structuring and suggested reasons for this.

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