Mannophryne trinitatis (Garman, 1888)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Aromobatinae > Genus: Mannophryne > Species: Mannophryne trinitatis

Phyllobates trinitatis Garman, 1888 "1887", Bull. Essex Inst., 19: 13. Syntypes: including BMNH 1947.2.14.23–24, UMMZ 47218 (formerly MCZ 2181), MCZ 2181 (9 specimens) + 8 others not traced (likely including ANSP 19423, which was considered a syntype by Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 353). Type locality: "Trinidad".

Prostherapis trinitatisMole and Urich, 1894, J. Trinidad Field Nat. Club, 2: 87; Barbour, 1916, in Kükenthal and Hartmeyer (eds.), Ergebnisse Zool. Forschungsreise Westindien: 439.

Prostherapis trinitatis trinitatisRivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 155.

Colostethus trinitatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Mannophryne trinitatusLa Marca, 1992, Cuad. Geograf., Mérida, 9: 32. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Mannophryne trinitatisLa Marca, 1994, Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 4: 52.

English Names

Trinidad Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 50; Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 8). 


Northern and central ranges of Trinidad (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Trinidad and Tobago

Endemic: Trinidad and Tobago


See brief accounts by Kenny, 1969, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 29: 22–24, and Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 62–63. Manzanilla, Jowers, La Marca, and García-París, 2007, Herpetol. J., 17: 31–42, discussed the advertisement call and morphology in comparison to Mannophryne venezuelensis. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 234 (in the sense of including Mannophryne venezuelensis). See comment under Mannophryne venezuelensis. Jowers, Martínez-Solano, Cohen, Manzanilla, and Downie, 2011, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 49: 133–140, reported on the lack of geographic genetic structuring and suggested reasons for this.

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