Hyloxalus maculosus (Rivero, 1991)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Hyloxalinae > Genus: Hyloxalus > Species: Hyloxalus maculosus

Colostethus maculosus Rivero, 1991, Breviora, 493: 17. Holotype: MCZ 91558, by original designation. Type locality: "Puyo, between Turingia and theatre, 950 m, Provincia Pastaza, Ecuador".

Hyloxalus maculosusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 168.

English Names

Spotted Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Between 460 and 1150 m above sea level in the central region of eastern slopes of Ecuadorian Andes, in Napo and Pastaza provinces.


Removed from the synonymy of Colostethus bocagei by Santos, Coloma, and Cannatella, 2003, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100: 12794 ; by implication of their placement of this taxon in a phylogenetic tree away from Colostethus bocagei), where it had been placed by Coloma, 1995, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 87: 21. Coloma IN Duellman, 2004, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 35: 30, suggested that Colostethus maculosus remains a synonym of Colostethus bocagei, but this cannot be reconciled with the previously published molecular results (DRF). Páez-Vacas, Coloma, and Santos, 2010, Zootaxa, 2711: 1-75, considered this species to be part of the Hyloxalus bocagei complex, distinct from Hyloxalus bocagei, and they provided (39-44) and account.

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