Hyloxalus maculosus (Rivero, 1991)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Hyloxalinae > Genus: Hyloxalus > Species: Hyloxalus maculosus

Colostethus maculosus Rivero, 1991, Breviora, 493: 17. Holotype: MCZ 91558, by original designation. Type locality: "Puyo, between Turingia and theatre, 950 m, Provincia Pastaza, Ecuador".

Hyloxalus maculosusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 168.

English Names

Spotted Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Between 460 and 1150 m above sea level in the central region of eastern slopes of Ecuadorian Andes, in Napo and Pastaza provinces.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador

Endemic: Ecuador


Removed from the synonymy of Colostethus bocagei by Santos, Coloma, and Cannatella, 2003, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 100: 12794 ; by implication of their placement of this taxon in a phylogenetic tree away from Colostethus bocagei), where it had been placed by Coloma, 1995, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 87: 21. Coloma IN Duellman, 2004, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 35: 30, suggested that Colostethus maculosus remains a synonym of Colostethus bocagei, but this cannot be reconciled with the previously published molecular results (DRF). Páez-Vacas, Coloma, and Santos, 2010, Zootaxa, 2711: 1-75, considered this species to be part of the Hyloxalus bocagei complex, distinct from Hyloxalus bocagei, and they provided (39-44) and account.

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