Hyloxalus subpunctatus (Cope, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Hyloxalinae > Genus: Hyloxalus > Species: Hyloxalus subpunctatus

Prostherapis subpunctatus Cope, 1899, Philadelphia Mus. Sci. Bull., 1: 5. Holotype: "No. 77" (of 8 specimens, although only one set of measurements given, implying a holotype and paratypes were intended), in the Commercial Museum of Philadelpha; existence of a single holotype suggested by the statement "the type specimen of P. subpunctatus, which was in the collection of The Conmmercial Museums, Philadelphia, has disintegrated, so that one must rely upon the published description", by Ruthven and Gaige, 1915, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 10: 1. Dunn, 1944, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 6: 69, suggested that the original specimens "founds its way to the Commercial Museum of Philadelphia where it remained for about 20 years, at which time it was purchased by the American Museum of Natural History" (AMNH). If they are there now (unlikely), they remain unrecognized as Cope's types. Type locality: "neighborhood of Bogota", Departamento Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Prostherapis variabilis Werner, 1899, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 49: 473. Syntypes: (formerly ZIUG) ZFMK 28134 (Bogota), 28135-38 (Fusagasuga), 28138-39 (Alto de Sibate), according to  Böhme, 2014, Mertensiella, 21: 105. Type localities: All in Colombia, Cundinamarca—"Alto von Sibaté, 2800 m"; "Tierra Negra, Fusagasugá, 28030-2300 m"; "Boquerón von Bogotá"; "La Unión, Chingasa, 1000-2400 m"; "Páramo von Bogotó (Weg nach Choachí)"; "Páramo von Fusagasugá"'; "über Botota, 2700 m.". Synonymy by Boulenger, 1900, Zool. Rec., 36: 27; Barbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401; Dunn, 1944, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 6: 79.

Prostherapis tarsalis Werner, 1916, Zool. Anz., 47: 303. Holotype: Brünn Landsmuseum, by original designation; current status unknown. Type locality: "Bogota", Cundinamarca, Colombia. Synonymy by Dunn, 1944, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 6: 79; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 62.

Phyllobates subpunctatusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 402.

Phyllobates subpunctatus subpunctatusCochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 62.

Phyllobates subpunctatus walesi Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 65. Holotype: CAS-SU 20290, by original designation. Type locality: "Laguna de Tota, Boyacá, Colombia, collected from under rocks along northeast shore of the lake at about 1,000 feet".

Colostethus subpunctatusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Colostethus variabilisEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Hyloxalus subpunctatusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 169.

English Names

Bogota Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).

Distribution

Interandean slopes of the Cordillera Oriental in northern Colombia (Boyacá, Meta, and Cundinamarca), 2100–3500 m.

Comment

See Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 65, for subspecies (2). Lynch and Renjifo, 2001, Guia Anf. Rept. Bogota: 44, presented a brief account and photograph. In the Hyloxalus bocagei clade of Páez-Vacas, Coloma, and Santos, 2010, Zootaxa, 2711: 62. Anganoy-Criollo, 2013, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 53: 211–224, provided information on larval morphology. 

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