Hyloxalus vertebralis (Boulenger, 1899)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Hyloxalinae > Genus: Hyloxalus > Species: Hyloxalus vertebralis

Phyllodromus vertebralis Boulenger, 1899, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 4: 456. Syntypes: BMNH (several specimens), by original designation; according to museum records these are BMNH 1947.2.13.96–99 (formerly 1899.10.30.21–22) and 1947.2.14.1–2 (formerly 1899.10.30.23–26). Type locality: "Cañar, 8400 feet altitude", Cañar, Ecuador.

Prostherapis vertebralisPeracca, 1904, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 19 (465): 17.

Phyllobates vertebralisBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401.

Colostethus vertebralisEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Hyloxalus vertebralisGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 169.

English Names

Boulenger's Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 49).


Elevations of 1770-3500 m in the inter-Andean valleys and on the western slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ecuador

Endemic: Ecuador


Reviewed by Edwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 158-162. See account by Coloma, 1995, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 87: 54. Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 25: 111-112, provided distributional data for Ecuador. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Colostethus vertebralis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 227.

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