Euphlyctis kalasgramensis Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Euphlyctis > Species: Euphlyctis kalasgramensis

Euphlyctis kalasgramensis Howlader, Nair, Gopalan, and Merilä, 2015, PLoS One, 10(2: e0116666): 4. Holotype:  MZH 3376, by original designation. Type locality: "Kalasgram (22° 45′ N, 90° 18′ E), Barisal, Bangladesh". urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:6720DE44-4BDD-470B-B3F7- 0E15F1AD7763

Euphlyctis kalisgraminensis — Lalronunga, Vanramliana, Lalrinchhana, Vanlalhrima, Sailo, Lalnunhlua, Sailo, Zosangliana, Lalhmangaiha, and Lalhmingliani, 2020, Sci. Vision, 20: 106. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Bangladesh Skittering Frog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 17).

Distribution

Throughout Bangladesh to Mizoram, northeastern India and Nepal below 2500 m elevation; western Punjab, Pakistan; likely to extend into Rakhine state, Myanmar. 

Comment

Confused with Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis, and the sister taxon of Euphlyctis mudigere + (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis + Euphlyctis ehrenbergii) according to the original publication. Ali, Javid, Hussain, Hafeez-ur-Rehman, Chabber, and Hemmatzadeh, 2020, MtDNA, Part B, 5: 1227–1232, reported the species in Punjab, Pakistan, confirmed by mtDNA analysis. Lalronunga, Vanramliana, Lalrinchhana, Vanlalhrima, Sailo, Lalnunhlua, Sailo, Zosangliana, Lalhmangaiha, and Lalhmingliani, 2020, Sci. Vision, 20: 106–117, provided a record from Mizoram, northeastern India, based on genetic barcode analysis. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, implied that previous records of Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis from Nepal are based on this species. Decemson, Gouda, Lalbiakzuala, Lalmuansanga, Hmar, Mathipi, and Lalremsanga, 2021, J. Threatened Taxa, 13: 17918–17929, provided the record for Dampa Tiger Reserve, Mamit District, Mizoram, India. In the Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis group of Dinesh, Channakeshavamurthy, Deepak, Ghosh, and Deuti, 2021, Zootaxa, 4990: 329–353, who implied that the Pakistan requires verification. Akram, Rais, López-Hervas, Tarvin, Saeed, Bolnick, and Cannatella, 2021, Ecol. Evol., 11: 14175–14216, provided genetically-confirmed records from Rawalpindi District, Punjab Province, Pakistan, as well as discussing the systematics of the species, which, as regards populations currently assigned to Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis in Iran is problematic (DRF). Rais, Ahmed, Sajjad, Akram, Saeed, Hamid, and Abid, 2021, ZooKeys, 1062: 157–175, included this species in an identification key to the amphibian species of Pakistan as well as providing a photograph. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 17, discussed identification, habitat, and possible range in Myanmar, and noted that at least some of the records of Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis from Myanmar are likely of this species. 

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