Euphlyctis Fitzinger, 1843

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Euphlyctis
8 species

Euphlyctis Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 31. Type species: Rana leschenaultii Duméril and Bibron, 1841 (= Rana cyanophlyctis Schneider, 1799), by original designation.

Phrynoderma Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 31. Type species: Rana cutipora Duméril and Bibron, 1841 (= Rana hexadactyla), by original designation. Preoccupied by Phrynoderma Sturm, 1828, Deutschl. Fauna, Amph.: 147. Euphlyctis given priority over Phrynoderma by action of first revisor, Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1112. Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 237, discussed why this name is available. 

Dicroglossus Günther, 1860, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1860: 158. Type species: Dicroglossus adolfi Günther, 1860, by monotypy. Synonymy with Rana by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 7, and Myers, 1942, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 55: 49–55; (with Euphlyctis) by Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 240.

English Names

Five-fingered Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).


Southwestern Arabian Peninsula; Pakistan and India to Afghanistan, Nepal, through Myanmar and Thailand to Malaya, and Sri Lanka.


Treated as a subgenus of Rana by Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233. First ranked in modern times as a genus by Poynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, this arrangement followed by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 314. Grosjean, Vences, and Dubois, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 171–181, regarded on the basis of DNA sequence data that Euphlyctis (monophyly assumed) is the sister taxon of Hoplobatrachus, with Fejervarya, Sphaeroteca, Nannophrys and Limnonectes forming more distant relations. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 136, also regarded Euphlyctis as the sister taxon of Hoplobatrachus. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon, its position as sister of Hoplobatrachus, and a phylogenetic estimate for exemplar species. Dinesh, Channakeshavamurthy, Deepak, Ghosh, and Deuti, 2021, Zootaxa, 4990: 329–353, provided keys to the species, delimited two species groups (the Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis group and the Euphlyctis hexadactylus group, noted in the species records), and provided an mtDNA ML tree of the species, noting several unnamed lineages. Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 236, resurrected Phrynoderma on the basis of ruminations over the fact that the hypothesis of Euphlyctis monophyly might be wrong. 

Contained taxa (8 sp.):

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