Limnonectes gyldenstolpei (Andersson, 1916)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Limnonectes > Species: Limnonectes gyldenstolpei

Elachyglossa gyldenstolpei Andersson, 1916, K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 55: 13–14. Holotype: NHRM 1656 according to Ohler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 271. Type locality: "Bang Hue Pong, a small village on the southern slopes of the Koon Tan Mountains, Northern Siam [Thailand]".

Rana pileata Boulenger, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 103. Syntypes: BMNH (4 specimens) according to original publication; Das and Lim, 2001, Raffles Bull. Zool., 49: 8, reported 22 specimens as syntypes (although only four were mentioned in the original publication); five specimens considered syntypes by museum records: BMNH 1947.2.1.97–99, 1947.2.2.1–11,and ZRC 1.852–853. Type localities: "Khao Cebab, Chantabun, S. E. Siam", Chanthaburi Province, Thailand. Synonymy by Ohler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 275–276.

Rana (Rana) pileataBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 7.

Rana (Euphlyctis) pileataDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 239, by implication.

Euphlyctis pileataPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Bourretia) pileatusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 62.

Limnonectes gyldenstolpeiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 316.

Limnonectes (Elachyglossa) gyldenstolpeiOhler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 275–276.

Elachyglossa gyldenstolpeiFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 28. See comment under Dicroglossidae.

English Names

Gyldenstolpe's Frog (Limnonectes gyldenstolpei: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Thai Wart Frog (Limnonectes pileata [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Koontan Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 100).

Chantaburi Swollen-headed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 129).

Capped Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 120; Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 90).

Gyldenstolpe's Fanged Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 24). 


Northern Thailand and Laos (provinces of Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, Xaignabouli, and Louangphabang) to Quang Binh Province, Vietnam; northern and southwestern Cambodia; possibly into southeastern Myanmar. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

Likely/Controversially Present: Myanmar


See accounts as Rana pilieata by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 52; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 398–401, and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 269–270. Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 404–406, and Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 360–362, provided accounts of Elachyglossa gyldenstolpeiHeyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on the call (as Rana pileata) from Thailand. Ohler and Dubois, 1999, Zool. Scripta, 23: 269–271,provided a detailed acounts of morphology, morphometrics, and synonymy. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 100, provided a brief characterization (as Elachyglossa gyldenstolpei) but, according to Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, the frog so pictured is actually Limnonectes laticeps. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 120–121, provided a very brief account (as Limnonectes pileatus), map for Thailand, and photograph. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 477, provided specific localities in Laos. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 90–91, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 64–65, provided a photograph and brief account for eastern Thailand, and (p.134) detailed the range in Thailand. Luu, Nguyen, Pham, Dang, Vu, Miskovic, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2013, Biodiversity J., 4: 285–300, reported the species in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Quang Binh Province, Vietnam. Teynié, Nguyen, Lorvelec, Piquet, Lottier, and David, 2014, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 151: 25, provided a record from Bolikhamxai Province, Laos, and discussed the range. Lambertz, Hartmann, Walsh, Geissler, and McLeod, 2014, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 172: 117–132, compared the head ornamentation of Limnonectes dabanus, Limnonectes gyldenstolpei, Limnonectes macrognathus, and Limnonectes plicatellus and suggested that the name Elachoglossa be restricted to this clade. See comments by Geissler, Hartmann, Ihlow, Neang, Seng, Wagner, and Böhme, 2019, Cambodian J. Nat. Hist., 2019: 40–63, on specimens collected in Phnom Kulen National Park, northern Cambodia. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 256–257, provided a brief account (photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 6061, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. 

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