Minervarya nepalensis (Dubois, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Minervarya > Species: Minervarya nepalensis

Rana nepalensis Dubois, 1975, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Paris, 281: 1720. Holotype: MNHNP 1975.1606, by original designation. Type locality: "Godavari, Centre-Népal, alt. 1560 m".

Rana (Euphlyctis) nepalensisDubois, 1980 "1978", C. R. Séances Soc. Biogeogr., 55: 161.

Rana (Fejervarya) nepalensisDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 149.

Euphlyctis nepalensisPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Fejervarya) nepalensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61.

Fejervarya nepalensisIskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 71, by implication; Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35; Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 92; Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79. 

Zakerana nepalensisHowlader, 2011, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 5: 2.

Minervarya nepalensis — Sanchez, Biju, Islam, Hasan, Ohler, Vences, and Kurabayashi, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 115. 

English Names

Nepal Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Nepal Warty Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 31).

Nepal Cricket Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 4). 


Central and eastern Nepal at moderate elevations; northern India in Haryana, and Uttararkhand; Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, and Manipur in northeastern India, and adjacent northeastern (Nilphamari and Thakurgaon districts) to southeastern (Chittagong region) of Bangladesh; Samdrup-jongkhar District, southeastern Bhutan. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal


See original publication for discussion of confusion of this species with Fejervarya limnocharis. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 244-246, provided an account for the Nepal population. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided records for Nagaland, northeastern India. Ningombam and Bordoloi, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2688-2690, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Borthakur, Kalita, Hussain, and Sengupta, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2639-2643, compared the species of northwestern India (Fejervarya nepalensis, Fejervarya pierrei, Fejervarya syhadrensis, and Fejervarya teraiensis). Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature (as both Fejervarya nepalensis and Limnonectes nepalensis). Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 31, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Rasel, Hannan, and Howlader, 2007, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 2007: 1-3, reported this species for Bangladesh. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 56, for brief account (as Limnonectes nepalensis) for Nepal. Bahuguna, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 298, reported the species from Uttarakhand and Haryana, India. . Wangyal, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4776, provided records from Samdrup-Jongkha District, southeastern Bhutan. See Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 8, for Sikkim, India, record. Kharkongor and Saikia, 2017, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 117: 286–288, provided records from East Khasi Hillis, Meghalaya, northeastern India. Gautam, Chalise, Thapa, and Bhattarai, 2020, IRCF Rept. & Amph., 27: 18–28, briefly discussed abundance and elevational range in the Ghandruk region of central Nepal. Purkayastha, Khan, and Roychoudhury, 2020, in Roy et al. (eds.), Socio-economic and Eco-biological Dimensions in Resource use and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering: 225–233, provided a record for Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, India. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the species in Nepal. Garg and Biju, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 345–370, summarized the systematics (morphology and molecular markers) of this member of the Minervarya syhadrensis group and mapped its distribution. Rabbe, Jaman, Alam, Rahman, and Sarker, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16: 226–234, provided records for northwestern Bangladesh. 

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