Minervarya syhadrensis (Annandale, 1919)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Minervarya > Species: Minervarya syhadrensis

Rana limnocharis syhadrensis Annandale, 1919, Rec. Indian Mus., 16: 123. Holotype: ZSIC 19764 accordng to the original publication; ZSIC 18764, according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 150. Type locality: "Satara and Poon districts, . . . and the Nsik district", India. Data associated with holotype are "Khandal, 2500 ft, Poona district, Bombay Presidency", India, according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 150.

Rana (Dicroglossus) syhadrensisDubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 383.

Rana syhadrensisDubois, 1975, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Paris, 281: 1717.

Rana (Euphlyctis) syhadrensisDubois, 1980 "1978", C. R. Séances Soc. Biogeogr., 55: 161.

Rana (Fejervarya) syhadrensis — Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 150.

Euphlyctis syhadrensisPoynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 124, by implication.

Limnonectes (Fejervarya) syhadrensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61.

Limnonectes syhadrensisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 315. [source is Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 110]

Fejervarya syhadrensisIskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 71, by implication; Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35; Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 92; Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79. 

Fejervarya caperata Kuramoto, Joshy, Kurabayashi, and Sumida, 2008 "2007", Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 26: 98. Holotype: BNHS 4657, by original designation. Type locality: "Karnoor", central Western Ghats of Karnataka, India. Synonymy by Phuge, Patil, Pandit, Kulkarni, Chennakeshavamurthy, Deepak, and Dinesh, 2020, Zootaxa, 4869: 451. 

Zakerana caperata — Howlader, 2011, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 5: 2.

Zakerana syhadrensis — Howlader, 2011, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 5: 2.

Fejervarya caperata —  Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79. 

Minervarya caperata — Sanchez, Biju, Islam, Hasan, Ohler, Vences, and Kurabayashi, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 115. 

Minervarya syhadrensis — Sanchez, Biju, Islam, Hasan, Ohler, Vences, and Kurabayashi, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 115. 

English Names

Long-legged Cricket Frog (Khan, 1979, Biologia, Lahore, 25: 46).

Bombay Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Syhadra Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79; Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 210; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 33).

Syhadry Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 23).

Small Cricket Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 135).

Southern Cricket Frog (Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 160).

Hill Cricket Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 210).

Common Paddy-field Frog (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 71 [as Fejervarya limnocharis]).

Wrinkled Fejervarya (Minervarya caperata, no longer recognized: Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 16).

Distribution

Eastern and western India, east and central Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal at low to moderate elevations (see comment).

Comment

Dubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 383-384, removed this species from the synonymy of Rana limnocharis. Kuramoto and Joshy, 2001, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 20: 88-89, reported calls from populations in southern India differ strongly from those reported from Nepal, suggesting that more than one species is covered by this name. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 135, provided a brief account (as Rana syhadrensis). Pakistan record provided by Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 160). Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 249-253, provided an account for the Nepal population. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 138-139, provided range, taxonomic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 60, provided an account for Pakistan. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 210-211, provided an account. Ningombam and Bordoloi, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2688-2690, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted two larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature. Borthakur, Kalita, Hussain, and Sengupta, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2639-2643, compared the species of Assam, northwest India (Fejervarya nepalensis, Fejervarya pierrei, Fejervarya syhadrensis, and Fejervarya teraiensis). Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 33, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Kotaki, Kurabayashi, Matsui, Kuramoto, Djong, and Sumida, 2010, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 27: 386-395, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that Fejervarya syhadrensis is composed of at least two species, with one species in the Western Ghats (possibly conspecific with the population at the type locality) and another in Sri Lanka not conspecific (and unnamed), and either unlikely to be conspecific with the population at the type locality. The Sri Lankan population was judged to be most closely related to Fejervarya granosa and Fejervarya pierrei. Rasel, Hannan, and Howlader, 2007, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 2007: 1-3, reported the species in the Chittagong region of eastern Bangladesh. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 71, provided a brief account (as Fejervarya limnocharis) and color photograph. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 58, for brief account (as Limnonectes syhadrensis). Hasan, Islam, Khan, Alam, Kurabayashi, Igawa, Kuramoto, and Sumida, 2012, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 29: 162-172, discussed ambiguities in identification of populations in Bangladesh, as Fejervarya syhadrensisMasroor, 2012, Contr. Herpetol. N. Pakistan: 46–49, provided an account for northern Pakistan of a species he referred to "Fejervarya limnocharis" that he distinguished from Fejervarya syhadrensis; presumably this represents and unnamed species (DRF).  Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 45, provided a very brief characterization (as Fejervarya caperata), photograph, and dot map. Prasad, Gautam, Gupta, Murthy, Ramesh, Shinde, and Das, 2020, Zootaxa, 4851: 450–476, reported on morphology and advertisement call for a population (as Fejervarya caperata) in the Panna Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, central India. Köhler, Mogk, Khaing, and Than, 2019, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 69: 190, suggested that the distinctiveness from Minervarya pierrei and Minervarya granosa needs to be confirmed. O'Connell, Aryal, Sherchan, Dhakal, Chaudhary, and Karmacharya, 2019, J. Nat. Hist., London, 53: 1421-1437, reported on the Kathmandu Valley population, Nepal. Deuti, Sethy, and Ray, 2014, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 114: 130–131, provided a  brief account for the population of the Eastern Ghats region, India. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. Gautam, Chalise, Thapa, and Bhattarai, 2020, IRCF Rept. & Amph., 27: 18–28, briefly discussed abundance and elevational range in the Ghandruk region of central Nepal. Phuge, Patil, Pandit, Kulkarni, Chennakeshavamurthy, Deepak, and Dinesh, 2020, Zootaxa, 4869: 451–492, discussed systematic and identification problems of nominal Minervarya syhadrensis in the Western Ghats of southern India. 

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