Minervarya teraiensis (Dubois, 1984)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Minervarya > Species: Minervarya teraiensis

Rana (Fejervarya) teraiensis Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 150. Holotype: MNHNP 1975.1763, by original designation. Type locality: "Birtamode, Est-Népal, alt. 200 m."

Limnonectes (Fejervarya) teraiensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 61.

Fejervarya teraiensisIskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 71, by implication; Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35; Fei, Ye, Jiang, and Xie, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 92; Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79. 

Zakerana teraiensisHowlader, 2011, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 5: 2.

Zakerana dhaka Howlader, Nair, and Merilä, 2016, PLoS One, 11(3): e0149597: 5. Holotype: MZH-3371, by original designation. Type locality: "Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam Hall (23° 46'15.25"N, 90°22'39.87"E), Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University campus, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh". Zoobank publication registration: C9DA37D3-EB61-4444-8C57-DB2E35843200. Synonymy by implication of Garg and Biju, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 348. 

Fejervarya dhaka — Dinesh, Vijayakumar, Channakeshavamurthy, Torsekar, Kulkarni, and Shanker, 2015, Zootaxa, 3999: 79, synonymy of Zakerana with Fejervarya; not mentioned by Howlader et al., 2016. 

Minervarya dhaka — Sanchez, Biju, Islam, Hasan, Ohler, Vences, and Kurabayashi, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 115. 

Minervarya teraiensis — Sanchez, Biju, Islam, Hasan, Ohler, Vences, and Kurabayashi, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 115. 

English Names

Terai Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 100).

Terai Warty Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 34).

Terai Cricket Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 23).


Eastern Nepal below 400 m; and in adjacent Sikkim and northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura) into adjacent southeastern and central Bangladesh.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal


Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 253-256, provided an account for the Nepal population; Dubois, 2004, Alytes, 21: 175, noted that the illustration associated with this account (fig. 52) is actually of Fejervarya pierrei. Mathew and Sen, 2005, Cobra, Chennai, 59: 1-4, provided northeastern Indian records for Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura and compared the species to Fejervarya limnocharis. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Ningombam and Bordoloi, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2688-2690, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Borthakur, Kalita, Hussain, and Sengupta, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2639-2643, compared the species of Assam, northwest India (Fejervarya nepalensis, Fejervarya pierrei, Fejervarya syhadrensis, and Fejervarya teraiensis). Mathew and Sen, 2005, Cobra, Chennai, 59: 1-4, reported a locality in the Garo Hills, District of Meghalaya, India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 34, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Rasel, Hannan, and Howlader, 2007, Bangladesh Wildl. Bull., 2007: 1-3, reported the species in the Chittagong region of southeastern Bangladesh. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 59, for brief account (as Fejervarya teraiensis). Rahman and Howlader, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 562, provided a range extension in Bangladesh and commented on the range. Sarker, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 440, provided a record for Dhaka District, Bangladesh. Wangyal, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4776, provided records from Sarpang District, south-central Bhutan.Ahmad and Alam, 2015, Herpetol. Rev., 46: 559–560, provided a record for Nazipur, Naogaon District, Rajshahi Division, Bnagladesh. Rana, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 247, provided a record for the Gazipur District, Dhaka Division, Bangladesh. See Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 8, for Sikkim, India, record. Al-Razi, Alam, Hossain, Neogi, and Baki, 2017, IRCF Rept. & Amph., 24: 162–167, provided a record from Saint Martin's Island, Cox's Bazar, southeastern Bangladesh. Purkayastha, Khan, and Roychoudhury, 2020, in Roy et al. (eds.), Socio-economic and Eco-biological Dimensions in Resource use and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering: 225–233, provided a record for Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, India. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the species in Nepal.. Garg and Biju, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 345–370, summarized the systematics (morphology and molecular markers) of this member of the Minervarya agricola group and mapped its distribution. See comment under Fejervarya teraiensis. Rahman, Nneji, and Hossain, 2022, J. Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 15: 151, apparently did not accept the synonymy of Minervarya dhaka with Minervarya teraiensis, without comment. 

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