Nanorana annandalii (Boulenger, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana annandalii

Rana annandalii Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 77. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens, including 1947.2.1.93, which were originally ZSIC 18929 and 18931) and and ZSIC 18571 and 18573 according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 108; BMNH 1947.2.1.93 (formerly 1920.3.22.2) designated lectotype by Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1110. Type locality: "Sureil, Darjeeling district, 5500 ft., Suchal [= Senchal] Waterworks, near Ghoom, in the same district, . . . [and] Pashok, alt. 4500 ft.", India; restricted to Suchal waterworks near Ghoom, Darjeeling, India, by lectotype designation.

Rana (Rana) annandaliiBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 8.

Rana (Paa) annandaliiDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1099; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Paa (Paa) annandaliiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320.

Nanorana annandaliiChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Chaparana (Paa) annandaliiOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Paa annandaliiFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 26.

English Names

Annandale's Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79).

Annandale's Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 41).

Boulenger's Hill Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 85; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 29).

Annandale's Hill Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 4). 


Northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and West Bengal; eastern Nepal record requires confirmation; expected in Bhutan (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India, Nepal

Likely/Controversially Present: Bhutan


Removed from the synonymy of Paa blanfordii by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320, where it had been placed by Dubois, 1979, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 48: 657–661. See account (as Rana annandalii) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 76. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 85, provided a brief account as Rana annandalii. Literature of Nanorana annandalii from India may apply more correctly to Nanorana gammii according to XXX. Bordoloi, Borah, Chakravorty, and Sinha, 2001, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 80: 1219–1222, provided new records for Arunachal Pradesh, India, and commented on adult and larval morphology.Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 82–83, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 149–150, provided range, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 41–42, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765–13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 61, for brief account. See Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 6, for Sikkim, India, record. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, did not include this species in their list of Nepalese species so the identification of the specimens reported by Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 261–264, requires confirmation, Shrestha, Suwal, Pandey, Das, Manandhar, Karmacharya, Ohler, Dubois, and O'Connell, 2022, Zootaxa, 5168: 222–236, included this species in the Nepal fauna but did not map it. Tang, Liu, and Yu, 2023, Animals, 13(3427): 17, regarded the species as unassignable to subgenus. 

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