Nanorana arnoldi (Dubois, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana arnoldi

Rana (Paa) arnoldi Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1093. Holotype: BMNH 1940.6.2.90, by original designation. Type locality: "Pangnamdim, Nam Tamai Valley, Triangle, nord de la Birmani, 27° 42′ N, 97° 54′ E, altitude environ 910 m (3000 ft.)".

Rana (Paa) arnoldiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Paa (Paa) arnoldiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320.

Nanorana arnoldiChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Chaparana (Paa) arnoldiOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Maculopaa arnoldiFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 26. See comment under Dicroglossidae.

Nanorana arnoldi — Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 23. 

English Names

Arnold's Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 30).

Arnold's Mountain Frog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 23). 

Distribution

Northeastern India (Darjeeling region, West Bengal; Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh); northern Myanmar (Kachin), 910–2080 m elevation. Presence in Nepal (and likely India) requires confirmation. See comment addressing the confusing literature of this species. 

Comment

See Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43, and Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 142–147.See comment under Paa maculosa.  Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 265–268, provided an account for the Nepal population but this species was not included in the summary of Nepal amphibians bu Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, suggesting that this component of the range has been reassigned to another taxon, although which is unclear at the moment. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Paa annandalii) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 630. Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus, by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765–13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 30, reported the species from West Bengal, Meghalaya, and Uttar Pradesh, India. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 256, noted that records from Xizang, China, apply to Nanorana chayuensisZug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 23, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Records of Nanorana arnoldi from Yunnan, China, were reassigned to Nanorana chayuensis by Che, Hu, Zhou, Murphy, Papenfuss, Chen, Rao, Li, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 59–73, according to Yuan, Chen, Wu, Li, and Che, 2022, Biodiversity Sci., 30 (4: 21470): 6.

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