Nanorana conaensis (Fei and Huang, 1981)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana conaensis

English Names

Cona Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Cona Spiny Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 212; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 41).

Cona Hill Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 4). 


Known from the region of the type locality in southern Tibet, China, and in adjacent Bhutan (Haa District); also reported from Khremteng village, Tawang Township, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 2844 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bhutan, China, People's Republic of, India


Closely related to Nanorana liebigii (as Rana), according to the original publication. Original publication translated into English by Huang, Lathrop, and Murphy, 1998, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 118. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 212-213, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1383-1387, provided an account (as Paa conaensis) for China, figures, and map, and included this species in their Paa liebigii group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 364, provided a brief account (as Paa conaensis) for China including photographs of specimens. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 41-42, provided an account (as Paa conaensis) for Xizang, China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 442-443, provided an account (as Maculopaa conaensis), photographs, and a range map for China. Wangyal, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4777, provided records from Haa District, Bhutan. Saikia, Sinha, Dinesh, and Thakur, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 49–54, reported the species from Khremteng village, Tawang Township, Arunachal Pradesch, India. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 261–265, provided a detailed account for Tibet, China.  

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