Nanorana rarica (Dubois, Matsui, and Ohler, 2001)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana rarica

Rana (Paa) rara Dubois and Matsui, 1983, Copeia, 1983: 895. Holotype: MNHNP 1981.1001, by original designation. Type locality: "in Lake Rara (Rara Daha), Western Nepal, 29° 31′ N, 82° 05′ E, altitude 2990 m". Preoccupied by Rana danubina var. rara Fraas, 1903, Jahresheft. Ver. Vaterland. Naturkd. Württemberg, 26: 145 [fossil taxon].

Rana (Paa) raraDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Paa (Paa) raraDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320.

Paa (Paa) rarica Dubois, Matsui, and Ohler, 2001, Alytes, 19: 4. Replacement name for Rana (Paa) rara Dubois and Matsui, 1983.

Nanorana raricaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Chaparana (Paa) raricaOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Paa raricaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 26.

Nanorana (Paa) rarica — Hofmann, Jablonski, Litvinchuk, Masroor, and Schmidt, 2021, PeerJ, 9 (e11793): 11.

English Names

Rara Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 103; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 80).

Rara Lake Frog (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 88).


At around 3000 m elevation in the western third of Nepal.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Nepal

Endemic: Nepal


Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 283-286, provided an account for the Nepal population. See brief account (as Rana rara) by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 88. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted two larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature.  Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus, by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765-13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 67, for brief account (as Paa rarica). Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, did not include the species in their report on the amphibians of Nepal. Shrestha, Suwal, Pandey, Das, Manandhar, Karmacharya, Ohler, Dubois, and O'Connell, 2022, Zootaxa, 5168: 222–236, genetically confirmed a record from Rara Lake National Park, Mugu district of Karnali Province, western Nepal. 

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