Quasipaa delacouri (Angel, 1928)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Quasipaa > Species: Quasipaa delacouri

Rana (Rana) delacouri Angel, 1928, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 1928: 319. Syntypes: MNHNP (2 specimens), by original designation; MNHNP 1928.19 (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 41), and BMNH 1947.2.1.5, according to Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 48; MNHNP 1928.19 designated lectotype by implication of being referred to as "holotype" by Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 36 (this discussed by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 48). Type locality: "Bac-Kan; Tonkin", Bac Kan Province, Vietnam.

Rana microlineata Bourret, 1937, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1937: 30–31. Syntypes: (2 specimens) Lab. Sci. Univ. Hanoi B193–94, by original designation (now MNHNP 1948.130–131, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 38); MNHNP 1948.130 designated lectotype by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 48. Type locality: "Chapa", Vietnam. Synonymy by Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1098; Dubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 48–49.

Rana (Rana) delacouriGuibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 36.

Rana mediolineataInger, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 51: 169–174. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rana (Paa) delacouriDubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1098; Dubois, 1976, Cah. Nepal., Doc., 6: 24; Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 47.

Chaparana (Annandia) delacouriDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 318.

Paa microlineataStuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 48. Undiscussed arrangement.

Nanorana delacouriChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239.

Annandia delacouriDubois, 2005, Alytes, 23: 16, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 421.

Quasipaa delacouriChe, Hu, Zhou, Murphy, Papenfuss, Chen, Rao, Li, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 69.

Quasipaa (Quasipaa) delacouri — Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 27. 

English Names

Doi Chang Asian Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Tonkin Asian Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 20).

Tonkin Spiny Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 27). 

Distribution

Northern Vietnam (Lao Cai, Back Kan, Son La, Vinh Phuc, Ha Giang, Hao Binh, Nghe An (see comment), and Thanh Hoa provinces); adjacent Laos and China contain populations of unnamed cryptic associated species.

Vietnam: Phong Dien, Thua Thien Hue 3
Vietnam: Bana resort, Danang 4
Vietnam: Suoiluong, Danang 5

Comment

See brief account by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 291–293, and account by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 48. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 48, reported the species in Laos (as Paa microlineata), although (see below), molecular work by Che et al. suggests that the Laotian and Chinese populations are cryptic members of the species complex. Bain and Nguyen, 2004, Am. Mus. Novit., 3453: 1–41, provided a record from Ha Giang Province, Vietnam. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 20, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 148) and a photograph. Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus, by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765–13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. Pham, Nguyen, Hoang, and Ziegler, 2016, Herpetol. Notes, 9: 31–41, provided a record from Xuan Lien Nature Reserve, Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. Do, Cao, Nguyen, and Ngo, 2019, Hue Univ. J. Sci: Nat. Sci., 128 (1C): 25–33, described larval morphology from Nghe An Province, Vietnam, and confirmed the identification genetically although subsequent work by Yan et al. (2021; see below) requires that this be looked at again. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 27, for undisclosed reasons considered nominal Quasipaa delacouri to be likely a species complex and doubted the records of Stuart (1999) for Laos, and of Do et al. (2019) from Nghe An province, Vietnam; Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: Table 2, found the FMNH specimen (FMNH258619) used by Do et al. (2019) to confirm the identity of their specimens to be an unnamed species (Che et al's Quasipaa sp. 5) from Laos (Xe Kong: Kaleum district). Yan, Nneji, Jin, Yuan, Chen, Mi, Chen, Murphy, and Che, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107218): 1–7, reported on phylogenetics of the species and restricted the species to central Vietnam (Thua Thien and Danang provinces) and adjacent Laos (Xe Kong province), records outside of this are are assignable to other species. 

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