Quasipaa exilispinosa (Liu and Hu, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Quasipaa > Species: Quasipaa exilispinosa

Rana exilispinosa Liu and Hu, 1975, Acta Zool. Sinica, 21: 265. Holotype: CIB 64II06414, by original designation. Type locality: Daiyun Shan, Fujian, altitude 1100 m, China.

Rana (Paa) paraspinosa Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1102. Holotype: BMNH 1956.1.9.79, by original designation. Type locality: "Hong-Kong", China. Corrected to "The Peak, Hong-Kong", China, by Dubois, 1979, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 48: 656. Synonymy by Dubois, 1979, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 48: 649–656.

Rana (Paa) exilispinosa — Dubois, 1979, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 48: 649–656; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 43.

Paa (Paa) exilispinosaFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 156.

Paa (Quasipaa) exilispinosaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 319–320.

Quasipaa exilispinosaJiang, Dubois, Ohler, Tillier, Chen, Xie, and Stöck, 2005, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 22: 358.

Nanorana exilispinosaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication.

Quasipaa (Quasipaa) exilispinosaChe, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2.

English Names

Hong Kong Spiny Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 22).

Common Spiny Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 22).

Lesser Spiny Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 22).

Hong Kong Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Little Spiny Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 206).


Isolated populations in Hong Kong, Fujian, Guangdong, western and northern Guangxi, southern Jiangxi, and southern Hunan, China, up to 1400 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Hong Kong


Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 206–208, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 22, also provided a brief account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Paa exilispinosa) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 490. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1365–1371, provided an account (as Paa exilispinosa) for China, figures, and map, and included this species in their Paa spinosa group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 462–463, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 286–289, provided an account for Hunan, China. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 58, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Wu, Chen, and Wu, 2020, MtDNA, Part B, 5: 2705–2706, reported on the complete mtDNA genome. Chen, Hu, Zhong, Shangguan, and Ding, 2021, Zootaxa, 4926: 446–450, reported on advertisement calls. Yan, Nneji, Jin, Yuan, Chen, Mi, Chen, Murphy, and Che, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107218): 1–7, found mtDNA evidence of hybridization with Quasipaa spinosa, its sister species, and provided a map of samples, which implies that records from southern Hunan and northern Guangxi require confirmation (DRF). 

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