Quasipaa verrucospinosa (Bourret, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Quasipaa > Species: Quasipaa verrucospinosa

Rana spinosa verrucospinosa Bourret, 1937, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1937: 26. Syntypes: LZUH (originally 12 specimens) B. 195 (Chapa), B160–164, Z240–41 (Fan-Si-Pan), B17, B51–52, Z75 (Tam-Dao); now two of these MNHNP 1948.132 and 1948.134 according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 39; 1948.132 designated lectotype by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 44. Type localities: "Chapa", "Fan-Si-Pan", and "Tam-Dao", Vietnam. Restricted type locality (of lectotype) not noted by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 44, but presumably "Chapa".

Rana verrucospinosaBourret, 1939, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1939: 8, 33.

Paa verrucospinosaInger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 22.

Nanorana verrucospinosaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication.

Quasipaa verrucospinosaOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

English Names

Verrucosa Spiny Frog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 472). 

Granular Spiny Frog (Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 222). 

Distribution

Mountains of southern Yunnan, and northern (Lao Cai, Vinh Phuc, Nghe An, and Thanhhoa provinces) to southern (Kon Tum province) Vietnam and northern (Xaisomboun and Phongsaly Provinces) and southern (Xekong Province) Laos, 250–2300 m elevation, and northeastern Thailand (Doi Phu Kha National Park, Nan Province, 900–100 m elevation. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Quasipaa boulengeri (as Paa) by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 23, where it had been placed by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 44. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 25, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 149) a photograph. Hu, Chen, and Dong, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 340–341, documented the presence of this species in Yunnan, China. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Paa verrucospinosa) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 630. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1348–1351, provided an account (as Paa verrucospinosa) for China, figures, and map, and included this species in their monotypic Paa verrucospinosa group. Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus, by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765–13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 377, provided a brief account (as Paa verrucospinosa) for China including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 472, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 218–249, discussed the range and provided a record from Xaisomboun Province, Laos. Luong, Pham, Do, Hoang, Phan, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Le, 2021, Check List, 17: 445–458, provided records from Lai Chau Province, Vietnam, and discussed the range. Yan, Nneji, Jin, Yuan, Chen, Mi, Chen, Murphy, and Che, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107218): 1–7, reported on phylogenetics of the species and genetically confirmed records from Jinghon, Yunnan, China, and Phongsaly, Laos, and Thanhhoa and Nghe An provinces, Vietnam. Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Poyarkov, Wu, Pawangkhanant, Lorphengsy, and Che, 2021, Biodiversity Data J., 9 (e70473): 1–12, discussed the systematics of the species, noting large genetic distances among populations, and provided the first record for Thailand (Doi Phu Kha National Park, Nan Province)

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