Hyla meridionalis Boettger, 1874

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla meridionalis

Hyla arborea var. meridionalis Boettger, 1874, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 9: 186. Syntype(s): SMF; SMF 1872 designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 41. Type locality: "Aufenthalt auf Tenerife . . . im Thal von Orotava"; restricted to "Tal von Orotava, Tenerife, Kanaren" (= Orotava Valley Tenerife, Canary Islands), Spain by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 19.

Hyla perezii Boscá, 1880, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 9: 181. Types: Not stated; presumably originally MNCN; given as MNCN 3435-3440, 3639 by González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 272. Type locality: "el arroyo del Buey . . . . entre el pueblo de Cabeza del Buey y su estación sobre la vía férrea, para desembocar á los pocos kilometros en el rio Zújar", Provincia Badojoz, Spain. Synonymy by Boettger, 1880, Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 1879–80: 212; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 380.

Hyla viridis var. meridionalisBoettger, 1883, Rept. Amph. Marocco: 43.

Hyla barytonus Herón-Royer, 1884, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 9: 223. Syntypes: At least 2 specimens, whose deposition was not designated but presumably MNHNP; MNHNP84.787 considered holotype by Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 18, apparently in error. Type locality: "Gironde", France; restricted to Cadillac-sur-Garonne, Gironde, France, by Mertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 49. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1885, Zool. Rec., 21: 17; Boulenger, 1895, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, 13: 159; Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 247.

Hyla arborea var. meridionalisSchreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 206.

Hyla africana Ahl, 1924, Arch. Naturgesch., Abt. A,, 90: 254. Holotype: ZMB 27012, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 73. Type locality: "Misahöhe, Togo", in error. Synonymy by Noble, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 212: 16.

Hyla meridionalisChaplin, 1950, Zoo Life, 5: 103–107; Parker, 1956, in Sylvester-Bradley (ed.), Species Concept in Paleontol.: 9–15; Bogert, 1961, Copeia, 1961: 252–256; Schneider, 1974, Oecologia, Berlin, 14: 109.

Hyla (Hyla) meridionalis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Stripeless Tree Frog (Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 75; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 50; García-París, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 126; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 79).

Mediterranean Treefrog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 140; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 50; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 56).

Mediterranean Tree Frog (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 69).  


Humid mediterranean regions of northwestern Africa (northern Morocco, northern Algeria, except for the northeastern part, into northern Tunisia); southern Portugal and central and southwestern Spain; northeastern Spain through southern France to northwestern Italy, and (introduced) Balearic and Canary islands.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Algeria, France, Gibralter, Italy, Monaco, Morocco, San Marino, Spain

Introduced: Spain


In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102 (see comment under Hyla); this confirmed by Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. Schneider, 1968, Z. Vergl. Physiol., 61: 369–385, reported on the advertisement call in comparison to that of Hyla arborea, and from Tenerife, Canary Island, in his paper Schneider, 1978, Zool. Anz., 201: 273–288. See Crespo, 1973, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. 2, 3: 613–632 (who provided evidence that Hyla meridionalis and Hyla arborea molleri were specifically distinct from each other. See Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109, for account of North African population. García-París, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 126–127, discussed relevant literature and its distribution. Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 113–115, reported on the Italian populations. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 166–170, provided an account for the Iberian populations. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 79–80, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Tejedo and Reques, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 149–151, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 72–74, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 179, reported on introduced populations the Canary Islands and Balearics. Stöck, Dubey, Klütsch, Litvinchuk, Scheidt, and Perrin, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 1019–1024, reported on molecular phylogenetics and suggested that the population found from Algeria to Tunisia represents a distinct but unnamed species (now Hyla carthaginiensis). Rosa and Oliveira, 1994, Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch., 32: 117–128, reported on genetic differentiation of Hyla arborea molleri (now Hyla molleri) and Hyla meridionalis in the Iberian Peninsula. See detailed account for Italy by Salvidio, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 338–346. Grosse, 2011, Laubfrösche: 1–286, reviewed the biology of the species. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 84–86, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain, the Balearics, and adjacent France. Mateo, Ayres, and López-Jurado, 2011, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 22: 4, discussed their reasons for considering some populations in Spain as introduced. Pinya and Carretero, 2011, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 6: 59–80, regarded the population on Menorca in the Balearic Islands as introduced. Amor, Kalboussi, and Said, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 85–100, discussed the rangein Tunisia and its conservation status. Mateo, Géniez, and Pether, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 51–83, provided a range map, comments on the range and population status in Algeria. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 44–46, provided an account for Morocco. Reques, Pleguezuelos, Busack, and de Pous, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 23–50, discussed the range and conservation status in Morocco. Mediani, Brito, and Fahd, 2015, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 29: 81–107, provided a dot map for northern Morocco. Recuero, 2015, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 26: 20–23, discussed the range and the state of knowledge of the species. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 162–164, provided a brief account and range map. Stöck, Dufresnes, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Biollay, Berroneau, Borzée, Ghali, Ogielska, and Perrin, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 1–9, reported on the genetic diversity among populations and provided a dot map of the range. Dufresnes, Mazepa, Rodrigues, Brelsford, Litvinchuk, Sermier, Lavanchy, Betto-Colliard, Blaser, Borzée, Cavoto, Fabre, Ghali, Grossen, Horn, Leuenberger, Phillips, Saunders, Savary, Maddalena, Stöck, Dubey, Canestrelli, and Jeffries, 2018, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 6 (144): 12, suggested on the basis of mtDNA and nuclear genomic analysis that the Tunisian–Algerian population is a distinct species from the European population. Dufresnes, Beddek, Skorinov, Fumagalli, Perrin, Crochet, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 134: 291–299, reported on the molecular phylogeography of the species and transferred records from northeastern Algeria and Tunisia to Hyla carthaginiensis. Drillon, Dufresnes, Perrin, Crochet, and Dufresnes, 2019, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 126: 743–750, documented hybridization with a hybrid Hyla molleri/Hyla arborea population in southwestern France. See detailed account for North Africa by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 190–202. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 212–213, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map for the North African population. Mabrouki, Taybi, Skalli, and Sánchez-Vialas, 2019, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 33: 19–32, commented on and mapped the species in the Mouloua River Basin and adjacent areas in eastern Morocco. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 69, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph and who noted the introduced nature of the Catalan, French, Italian, Balearic, and Canary Island populations. See Dufresnes and Crochet, 2020, Zootaxa, 4759: 597–599, for range map. Dufresnes, Berroneau, Dubey, Litvinchuk, and Perrin, 2020, Sci. Rep. (Nature, London), 10 (5502): 1–10, discussed the genetics of the contact zone of this species with Hyla carthaginiensis. Dufresnes and Alard, 2020, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 131: 274–290, reported on molecular phylogeography. 

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