Pleurodema borellii (Peracca, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Pleurodema > Species: Pleurodema borellii

Paludicola borellii Peracca, 1895, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 10 (195): 26. Syntypes: "several examples", these including MZUT An449, An446 (according to xxx) and BMNH 1894.11.5.2–3 (now renumbered 1947.2.17.96–99) and 1947.2.18.1 (1894.12.31.5–6) according to museum records; MZUT An449 designated lectotype by Cei in Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 56, 130. Type locality: "Tucuman (Argentina)".

Pleurodema borelliNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 497; Gallardo, 1968, Physis, Buenos Aires, 28: 137. Incorrect subsequent spellings.

English Names

Rufous Four-eyed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).


Northwestern Argentina, at elevations of 400 to nearly 3000 m; reported in Tarija, Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Bolivia


The species was considered by Parker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 450–478, to be a junior synonym of Pleurodema cinerea. Resurrected by Gallardo, 1968, Physis, Buenos Aires, 28: 137. McLister, Lougheed, and Bogart, 1991, Canad. J. Zool., 69: 2397–2403, found no conclusive evidence that Pleurodema borellii and Pleurodema cinerea were distinct species. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 44, discussed the problem of species distinctiveness of Pleurodema cinerea and Pleurodema borellii, but tentatively continued recognition of Pleurodema borellii. Ferraro and Casagranda, 2009, Zootaxa, 2024: 33–55, provided a detailed discussion of distribution within Argentina. Ferraro, Blotto, Baldo, Barrasso, Barrionuevo, Basso, Cardozo, Cotichelli, Faivovich, Pereyra, and Lavilla, 2018, in Vaira, Akmentins, and Lavilla (eds.), Cuad. Herpetol., 32 (Supl. 1): 17–19, noted that the taxonomic status of this species with Pleurodema cinereum remains problematic. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.