Pleurodema diplolister (Peters, 1870)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Pleurodema > Species: Pleurodema diplolister

Cystignathus diplolistris Peters, 1870, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1870: 648. Syntypes: ZMB 6952 (3 specimens) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 45. Type locality: "Ceára" (= Ceará), northeastern Brazil.

Paludicola diplolistrisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 233.

Pleurodema diplolistrisNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 500.

Pleurodema diplolistreDuellman, 1993, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 21: 128. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Pleurodema diplolisterDe la Riva and Gonzales-Álvarez, 1998, Alytes, 16: 69. Gender correction.

English Names

Peters’ Four-eyed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).


Northeastern Brazil in the caatinga region from Maranhão east to Paraíba and south through Tocantins and Bahia to northeastern Goiás and northern Minas Gerais.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Silva, Santos, Alves, Sousa, and Annunziata, 2010, Sitientibus, Ser. Cienc. Biol., 7: 334-340, provided records for Piauí, Brazil. Maciel and Nunes, 2010, Zootaxa, 2640: 58, provided a dot map of the range. Andrade and Vaz-Silva, 2012, Check List, 8: 149-151, provided a range extension and dot map. Freitas, Abegg, Dias, and Moraes, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 59–72, provided a record from the Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, Brazil. Silva, Carvalho, Pereira Silva, Fadel, Dantas, Brandão, and Santana, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (1: e20190838): 16, reported the species from southern state of Tocantins, Brazil, and detailed the known range. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 141–142, provided an account for Goiás and the D.F., Brazil. Palmeira, Gonçalves, Dubeux, Lima, Lambertini, Valencia-Aguilar, Jenkinson, James, Toledo, and Mott, 2022, Cuad. Herpetol., 36: 65–75, reported on habitat in Natural Heritage Reserve Mata Estrela, Baía Formosa, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. Ferreira, Costa, Uchôa, Sousa, and Andrade, 2023, Zoomorphology, 142: 465–475, reported on the larval oral and chondrocranial anatomy.  

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