Boulenophrys jingdongensis (Fei and Ye, 1983)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Boulenophrys > Species: Boulenophrys jingdongensis

Megophrys omeimontis jingdongensis Fei and Ye In Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (2): 51, 52. Holotype: CIB 583007, by original designation. Type locality: "Jingdong [County], Yunnan, alt. 2060 m", China.

Megophrys jingdongensisFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 102.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) jingdongensisDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys jingdongensisOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Xenophrys omeimontis jingdongensisYang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 31.

Xenophrys (Xenophrys) jingdongensis — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 701. 

Xenophrys (Panophrys) jingdongensis — Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 109: 41.

Megophrys (Panophrys) jingdongensis — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Panophrys jingdongensis — Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 12.

Boulenophrys jingdongensis — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 679 (by implication); Qi, Lyu, Wang, Mo, Zeng, Zeng, Dai, Li, Grismer, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 5072: 403. 

English Names

Jingdong Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 110).

Jingdong Spadefoot Toad (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 13).


Southern Yunnan (Mount Wuliang, Mount Ailao, Luchuan, Hekou) and northwestern Guangxi, China; northern Vietnam (Son La, Lao Cai, Ha Giang, Vinh Phuc, and Lai Chau Provinces), and likely in extreme northern Laos.


See comment under Megophrys omeimontis for literature that treated this taxon as a subspecies of that taxon. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 57-58; and Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 29-30, provided a brief accounts (as Megophrys omeimontis jingdonensis) for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 386-391, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 192–193, provided a brief account for China, with photographs and illustrations of adults and larvae. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 220–221, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 701–703, provided an account, photographs, and dot map, as Xenophrys caudoprocta. Deuti, Grosjean, Nicolas, Vasudevan, and Ohler, 2017, Alytes, 34: 20–48, discussed comparative morphology. Luong, Nguyen, Pham, and Nguyen, 2018, Proc. 3rd Natl. Sci. Conf. Biol. Res. Teaching Vietnam: 284–290, provided a record for Vin Phuc Province, Vietnam, and commented on morphology and habitat. Pham, Pham, Doan, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2019, Biodiversity Data J., 7 (e39140): 1–18, reported the species from Son La Province, northwestern Vietnam. Cutajar, Rowley, Nguyen, Nguyen, Portway, Harding, Luong, and Tapley, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 139-143, reported on the advertisement call, provided a range map and a new record for Lao Chau Province, Vietnam. Tapley, Nguyen, Cutajar, Nguyen, Portway, Luong, and Rowley, 2020, Zootaxa, 4845: 35–52, provided a detailed description of larval morphology. Luong, Pham, Do, Hoang, Phan, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Le, 2021, Check List, 17: 445–448, provided Lau Chau province, Vietnam, records and discussed the range in that country.    

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