Boulenophrys wuliangshanensis (Ye and Fei, 1995)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Boulenophrys > Species: Boulenophrys wuliangshanensis

Megophrys wuliangshanensis Ye and Fei, 1995, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 4–5: 73-74. Holotype: CIB 890126, by original designation. Type locality: "Ximinxiang (24° 45′ N, 100° 75′ E), Wuliang-shan, Jingdong [county], Yunnan; altitude 2000 m", China.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) wuliangshanensisDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys wuliangshanensisOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Boulenophrys wuliangshanensis — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 668; Qi, Lyu, Wang, Mo, Zeng, Zeng, Dai, Li, Grismer, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 5072: 404.

Xenophrys (Panophrys) wuliangshanensis — Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 109: 41.

Megophrys (Panophrys) wuliangshanensis — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Panophrys wuliangshanensis — Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 12. 

English Names

Wuliangshan Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 122; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 45).

Wuliangshan's Horned Toad (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 60).


Known from four populations at high elevation (2000–2400 m) in Xishuangbanna Autonomous Prefecture, Honghe Autonomous Prefecture, Pu’er City and Yuxi City, in southern Yunnan province, China. See comment. 


Previously considered to be part of Megophrys minor (e. g, Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960, Acta Zool. Sinica, 12: 149). Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 122-123, provided a brief account, figure, and map. In the Megophrys boettgeri group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 82. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted one larval description (from China) in the literature. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 447-451, provided an account, illustration of the holotype, and spot map. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 60, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 214, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 243, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 668–670, provided an account, photographs, and dot map. as Boulenophrys wuliangshanensis. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, and Mathew and Sen, 2007, Cobra, Chennai, 1 (2): 22, provided records from Nagaland, northeastern India. Ningombam and Bordoloi, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2688-2690, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Sengupta, Hussain, Gogoi, Choudhury, Kalita, and Baruah, 2010, Hamadryad, 35: 30, provided a record for Assam, northeastern India. Mahony, Kamei, Teeling, and Biju, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 182–184, suggested that these identifications of Indian frogs are likely in error and that the specimens are more likely Megophrys serchhipii or others and they recommended that India be removed from the list of political units where this species lives.

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