Megophrys oropedion Mahony, Teeling, and Biju, 2013

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys oropedion

Megophrys oropedion Mahony, Teeling, and Biju, 2013, Zootaxa, 3722: 151. Holotype: ZSI A 11601, by original designation. Type locality: "Um Risa stream (25° 33.644’ N 91° 52.960’ E, 1,520 m asl.), Malki Forest (on Shillong Peak), Shillong, East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya state, northeast India". 

Xenophrys oropedion — Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) oropedion — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 756. 

English Names

Shyllong Horned Toad (Kharkongor, Saikia, and Deb, 2018, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 118: 48). 

Little Meghalayan Horned Frog (Mahony, Kamei, Teeling, and Biju, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 165). 

Distribution

Known  from Malki Forest (1510 to 1600 m elevation), Shillong and Mawphlang Sacred Forest (1810 m elevation), East Khasi district, and Nokrek National Park (1115 m elevation), East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya; likely to be found in other forest fragments in the East (possibly as far south as the vicinity of Sohra) and West Khasi Hills districts that cover the upper reaches of the Shillong Plateau above 1400 m elevation, Meghalaya, northeastern India. 

Comment

Confused with Megophrys parva prior to its naming according to the original publication. See account by Mahony, Kamei, Teeling, and Biju, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 163–166, for much correction of identifications in the literature, particularly with respect to confusion with Megophrys parvaMahony, Kamei, Teeling, and Biju, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 163–166, provided a detailed account, reviewing the literature, range, and misidentifications.

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