Ctenophryne aterrima (Günther, 1901)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Gastrophryninae > Genus: Ctenophryne > Species: Ctenophryne aterrima

Glossostoma aterrimum Günther, 1901, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 166: 210. Type(s): Not stated; BMNH 1902.5.12.6 reported as holotype by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 144; now renumbered 1947.2.11.58 according to museum records. Type locality: "Costa Rica".

Gastrophryne aterrimaParker, 1927, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 187: 5.

Microhyla aterrimaParker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 143.

Glossostoma aterrimumCarvalho, 1954, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 555: 11–12.

Nelsonophryne aterrimaFrost, 1987, Copeia, 1987: 1025.

Ctenophryne aterrimade Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21.

English Names

Costa Rica Nelson Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).


Lowland and premontane zones from Costa Rica to montane Colombia and northwestern Ecuador.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama


 Donnelly, de Sá, and Guyer, 1990, Am. Mus. Novit., 2976: 1–19, reported on larval morphology (as Ctenophryne aterrima). Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Nelsonophryne aterrima) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 396-397. Mueses-Cisneros and Moreno-Quintero, 2012, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 7: 39-54, provided the first record for Nariño, southwestern Colombia. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 288–298, provided a brief summary of natural history and provided a range map and photograph for this species (as Nelsonophryne aterrima).

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