Odontophrynus carvalhoi Savage and Cei, 1965

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Odontophrynus > Species: Odontophrynus carvalhoi

Odontophrynus carvalhoi Savage and Cei, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 187. Holotype: MNRJ 313, by original designation. Type locality: "Brazil: Estado de Pernambuco: Poção (1,035 m)".

English Names

Carvalho's Escuerzo (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Elevations above 500 m elevation between the Serra do Espinaco range on the west and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, from the state of Paraíba in north south to the Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais, in the south, all in Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Lisboa, Silva, and Haddad, 2010, Check List, 6: 493-494, extended the range to Alagoas, Brazil, and provided a range map. Caramaschi and Napoli, 2012, Zootaxa, 3155: 7-12, placed this species in their Odontophrynus cultripes group, provided an account and redelimited the species. Juncá, 2006, Biota Neotrop., 6: 1–17, briefly summarized the presence of this species in the Serra da Jibóia region, Bahia, Brazil, and its habitat, although the distance of this record from the main part of the range suggests that confirmation is needed. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 163, provided an account for Goiás, Brazil. Dubeux, Gonçalves, Ramos, Melo, Silva, and Mott, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 997–1002, provided a record for Pedra Talhada Biological Reseerve, Quebrangulo Municipality, Alagoas, Brazil, and commented on natural history and range.  Rosset, Fadel, Guimarães, Carvalho, Ceron, Pedrozo, Serejo, Souza, Baldo, and Mângia, 2021, Ichthyol. & Herpetol., 109: 240, noted that an earlier record for Odontophrynus aff. carvalhoi actually apply to Odontophrynus reigi

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.