Amolops mantzorum (David, 1872)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amolops > Species: Amolops mantzorum

Polypedates mantzorum David, 1872 "1871", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 7: 95. Type(s): Not designated, but likely originally deposited in MNHNP, but not mentioned by Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Type locality: "dans les rochers humides des torrents de Moupin" (= Mouping [=Baoxing County]), Sichuan, China.

Rana (Amolops) jugans Stejneger, 1926, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 39: 53. Holotype: USNM 67819, by original designation. Type locality: "Near Wenchwan, about 100 kilometers northwest of Chengtu, Szechwan, China". Given in error as "Chengtu, Szechuan", China by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 34. Synonymy by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 330.

Staurois jugansPope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 47.

Staurois mantzorumLiu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 330.

Staurois kangtingensis Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 349. Holotype: FMNH 49412, by original designation. Type locality: "Kangting [=Kangding City], Sikang [now Sichuan], 8000 feet altitude", China; in the same publication given as "along the bank of the Yalakou [- Yalagou], inside of Kangting City"; type locality corrected to "Yalagou of Kangding (in the Dadu River Basin)" by Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 139. See comment. Synonymy by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 239

Amolops kangtingensis — Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 256, by implication; Wu, Tan, and Zhao, 1987, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 6 (4): 39-41.

Amolops mantzorumInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 256, by implication; Zhao In Hu, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 455; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 166; Yang, 1991, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 63: 20; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3.

Staurois mantzorum mantzorumYang, Su, and Li, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (3): 41.

Amolops (Amolops) mantzorumDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 321.

Amolops (Amolops) kangtingensis — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 321.

Amolops kangtingensis — Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 134.

Amolops xinduqiao Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 139. Holotype: CIB 80I0692, by original designation. Type locality: "Xinduqiao (新都桥, N30.14182°, E101.50044°, altitude 3 400 m), Kangding, Sichuan, PR China". Synonymy by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: xxx; Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 721.

Amolops mantzorum mantzorum — Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 721.

Amolops mantzorum xinduqiao — Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 721.

English Names

Mouping Sucker Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97).

Sichuan Torrent Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 238).

Kangting Sucker Frog (Amolops kangtingensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97).

Moupin Torrent Frog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 34).

Distribution

Southern-most Gansu (Wenxian), through central Sichuan, to northwestern, central, and southwestern Yunnan, 900–2900 m elevation, China; presumably to be expected in adjacent northeastern Myanmar. See comment. 

Comment

See accounts by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 330–337, and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 239 (including Amolops kangtingensis as a synonym). See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 180–182; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 306; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 238–239. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 206–207, provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 113–114. Jin, Jiang, Xie, Zheng, and Xu, 2005, Zool. Res., Kunming, 26: 61–68, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that Amolops mantzorum is a composite of at least two species. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1538–1545, provided an account, figures, and range map, and included the species in their Amolops mantzorum group. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 99, provided a brief account (as Amolops tuberodepressus) for Yunnan, China. See (as Amolops tuberodepressus) map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 477. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 408–409, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 422–423, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Wangyal, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 4777, provided a record for Trashiyangtse District, eastern Bhutan, although this identification of this specimen was subsequently changed to Amolops wangyali by Mahony, Nidup, Streicher, Teeling, and Kamei, 2022, Herpetol. J., 32: 166. Lu, Bi, and Fu, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 40–52, suggested on molecular grounds that the nominal species is composed of two cryptic species, which they termed the "northern lineage" (which remains unnamed) and the "central lineage" (which retains the name Amolops mantzorum). Records from southwestern Yunnan, China, likely apply to Amolops tuberodepressus (DRF). See comments under Amolops xinguqiao with which this species has been confused due to a mixed paratypic series of Staurois kangtingensisYao and Gong, 2012, Amph. Rept. Gansu: 48–49, provided a brief account and photographs. Liu, Song, Luo, Xia, and Zeng, 2019, Cytogenet. Genome Res., 157: 172–178, reported on this species as part of a report on the chromosomal evolution in the Amolops mantzorum species group and provided karyological evidence for the exclusion of Amolops kangtingensis (= Amolops xindaqiao) from synonymy.  In the Amolops mantzorum group of Zeng, Liang, Li, Lyu, Wang, and Zhang, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 146 (106753): 1–9, and Wu, Yan, Stuart, Prendini, Suwannapoom, Dahn, Zhang, Cai, Xu, Jiang, Chen, Lemmon, Lemmon, Raxworthy, Orlov, Murphy, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogenetics. In the Amolops mantzorum group of Jiang, Ren, Lyu, Wang, Wang, Lv, Wu, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 574–591. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 34, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and possible range in Myanmar.  Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 721, discussed the relationship of Amolops mantzorum and Amolops xinduqiao from a molecular perspective. 

Comment associated with former Amolops xinduqiao: The naming of Amolops xinduqiao resolves a confusion of names within the Amolops of Sichuan, China. Amolops kangtinensis was originally named as Staurois kangtingensis by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 349, from "Kangting [=Kangding County], Sikang [now Sichuan], 8000 feet altitude", China, but subsequently placed into the synonymy of Amolops mantzorum by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: xxx, due to the morphological similarity of the types of the species. However, as background knowledge here, two different species of Amolops were confounded, one found above 3000 m in the Yalong River Basin of Sichuan, and another found at 1200 to 2400 m elevation in the Dadu River basin. Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 138–145. reexamined the types of Staurois kangtingensis and, more importantly, noted that the original type locality had to be corrected to "Yalagou of Kangding (in the Dadu River Basin:, meaning that the name Amolops kangtinensis applied not to the high-elevation population has had been thought by Wu, Tan, and Zhao, 1987, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 6 (4): 39-41, Wu, Tan, and Zhao, 1987, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 6 (4): 39-41; Lu, Bi, and Fu, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 40–52 (who found nominal Amolops mantzorum to be a complex of species and explicitly retained Amolops kangtingensis, but seemingly from a population not conspecific with the holotype bearing that name); and Zhang, Yuan, Xia, and Zeng, 2015, Sichuan J. Zool., 34: 801–809.  Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 138–145, discussed the problem and noted that the precise type locality of Amolops kangtingensis, places Amolops kangtingensis into the synonymy of Amolops mantzorum; to resolve this they named Amolops xinduqiao for the high-elevation population formerly incorrectly assigned the name Amolops kangtingensis. In the Amolops mantzorum group of Zeng, Liang, Li, Lyu, Wang, and Zhang, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 146 (106753): 1–9, and Wu, Yan, Stuart, Prendini, Suwannapoom, Dahn, Zhang, Cai, Xu, Jiang, Chen, Lemmon, Lemmon, Raxworthy, Orlov, Murphy, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogenetics. In the Amolops mantzorum group of Jiang, Ren, Lyu, Wang, Wang, Lv, Wu, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 574–591.

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