Clinotarsus Mivart, 1869

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Clinotarsus
3 species

Clinotarsus Mivart, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 228. Substitute name for Pachybatrachus Mivart, 1869.

Pachybatrachus Mivart, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 557. Type species; Pachybatrachus robustus Mivart, 1869, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Pachybatrachus Keferstein, 1868. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 7.

Nasirana Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328. Type species: Rana alticola Boulenger, 1882, by original designation. Proposed as a subgenus of Rana. Synonymy with Clinotarsus by Stuart, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 58.

English Names

None noted.


Western Ghats of southwestern India to northern Bangladesh, possibly into Bhutan and Nepal; peninsular Myanmar and northern peninsular Thailand. .


Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 139, suggested that Clinotarsus curtipes is the sister taxon of Meristogenys as did Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13. Previously placed in the section Hylarana, subsection Hylarana, sole member of the subgenus Clinotarsus of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328. Matsui, Shimada, Ota, and Tanaka-Ueno, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 37: 733-742, found Nasirana (as Rana [Nasirana] alticola) as the sister taxon of a cluster of species assigned by Frost et al. (2006) to Sylvirana, Humerana, and Hylarana. Stuart, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 54, recovered Nasirana as the sister taxon of Clinotarsus and considered Nasirana a synonym of Clinotarsus. Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217-1231, corroborated the results of Stuart (2008). Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences confirmed Clinotarsus as rendering Huia paraphyletic, but this result was obscured by the employment of an antiquated taxonomy. Arifin, Chan, Smart, Hertwig, Smith, Iskandar, and Haas, 2021, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 193: 673–699, provided a mt- and nuDNA tree weakly placing Clinotarsus as the sister taxon of Sumaterana

Contained taxa (3 sp.):

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