Clinotarsus curtipes (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Clinotarsus > Species: Clinotarsus curtipes

Rana curtipes Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 532. Type(s): presumably originally in the ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "found in the forest only"; by implication in South India; given as "Malabar, South India" by Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 156.

Pachybatrachus robustus Mivart, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 557. Holotype: BMNH according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 62; this being BMNH 1947.2.2.96 (ormerly 1933.3.7.43) according to museum records. Type locality: Not stated; given as Malabar, India by XXX. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 61.

Clinotarsus robustusMivart, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 280.

Hylorana curtipesJerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 83; Deckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 144.

Rana curtipesBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 61.

Rana (Hylorana) curtipesBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 131-133.

Rana (Hylarana) curtipesDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42.

Rana (Clinotarsus) curtipesDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328.

Clinotarsus curtipesKrishna and Krishna, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 21; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3.

English Names

Bicoloured Frog (Daniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 196; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 73).

Bicolored Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 231).

Malabar Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).


Evergreen forests in the northern parts of Kerala to southwestern Maharashtra, as well as the forest areas near Topslip in Tamil Nadu, Western Ghats region, southwestern India, 500–2000 m elevation.


See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 131, and Daniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 196. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 17, noted the range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 97-98, provided a brief account. Considered a junior synonym of Rana kuhlii by Theobald, 1868, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 37: 80. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 156-157, provided range and partial taxonomic bibliography. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 231-232, provided an account. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions in the literature. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Rana curtipes) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 632. Ganesh and Asokan, 2010, Hamadryad, 35: 46-63, reported a specimen from Bangalore, Karnataka, India. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 104. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 120–121, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. Yadav, Bhosale, and Gopalan, 2021, Reptiles & Amphibians, 28: 542–545, provided records for Sangli and Kolhapur Districts, Maharashtra, India, and provided a range map for the species.  

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