Pelophylax plancyi (Lataste, 1880)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Pelophylax > Species: Pelophylax plancyi

Rana plancyi Lataste, 1880, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 5: 64. also Lataste, 1880, Le Naturaliste, 2: 210. Syntypes: Not traced, 2 specimens presumably originally in presumably in Lataste's personal collection which was deposited ultimately in the BMNH; BMNH 1920.1.20.1020 is by museum records a syntype. Neotype (presumably invalidly in the face of the existing BMNH specimen) designated as CIB 79I1764 by Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1056. Type locality: "Kiu-Kiang" [= Jiujiang Shi], Jiangxi Province, China. Given in error as "Peking", China by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 32. Neotype from "Yongfeng, Beijiang City, [Jiangxi Province,] China". The status of this neotype designation is questionable, given that the original syntypes may still exist.

Rana (Rana) plancyiBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 9.

Rana nigromaculata coreana Okada, 1927, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 140. Holotype: None, according to Dubois and Ohler, 1996 "1994", Zool. Polon., 39: 173. Type locality: Seoul, [South] Korea. Nomen nudum. [unable to verify this citation 9-10-01, DRF].

Rana nigromaculata coreana Okada, 1928, Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. J., 6: 30-32. Holotype: TIU 1711, lost; by implication of Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2, regarding other types in this collection. Type locality: Seoul, [South] Korea. Junior homonym of Rana temporaria coreana Okada, 1928, by First Revisor action of Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 89.

Rana nigromaculata chosenica Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 89. Replacement name for Rana nigromaculata coreana Okada, 1928. Synonymy by Dubois and Ohler, 1996 "1994", Zool. Polon., 39: 174, and Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 727. 

Rana plancyi chosenica — Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 36; Kashiwagi, 1994, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 13: 245; Dubois and Ohler, 1996 "1994", Zool. Polon., 39: 167; without discussion of evidence.

Rana hubeiensis Fei and Ye, 1982, Acta Zool. Sinica, 28: 293, 301. Holotype: CIB 74I0570, by original designation. Type locality: "Lichuan Xian, Hubei, alt. 1070 m", China. Synonymy by Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 727. 

Rana chosenica — Kuramoto, 1983, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 6: 253-267, by implication.

Rana plancyi plancyiKuramoto, 1983, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 6: 253; Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 147.

Rana (Rana) chosenica — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication.

Rana (Rana) hubeiensis — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication.

Rana (Rana) plancyiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, by implication.

Pelophylax plancyiFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 133–134; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Pelophylax plancyi plancyiFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 133–134; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 227; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369.

Pelophylax hubeiensis — Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 133-134.

Rana (Pelophylax) plancyiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332.

Rana (Pelophylax) hubeiensis — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332.

Rana (Pelophyxlax) chosenica — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 322.

Pelophylax hubeiensis — Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 221; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

Rana (Pelophyxlax) plancyi chosenica — Dubois and Ohler, 1996 "1994", Zool. Polon., 39: 174.

Hylarana plancyiChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Hylarana hubeiensis — Chen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Hylarana chosenica — Chen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication.

Pelophylax chosenicus — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

Palophylax hubeiensis — Zhao, Wang, Wang, Liu, and Lu, 2015, J. Henan Normal Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 46: 708. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Peking Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 109).

Beijing Gold-striped Pond Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 162).

Green Pond Frog (Liu, 1931, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 5: 53; Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 33).

Seoul Frog (Pelophylax chosenicus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Pond Frog (Pelophylax chosenicus [no longer recognized]: Liu, 1931, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 5: 53).

Gold-spotted Pond Frog (Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 60).

Hubei Frog (Pelophylax hubeiensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Hubei Gold-striped Pond Frog  (Pelophylax hubeiensis [no longer recognized]: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 160).

Distribution

Extreme northern Fujian north and west to Shanxi and northern Hebei, Chongqing, Hubei, southern Henan, Anhui, Hubei, eastern Hunan, and Jiangxi, China, 60 to 1070 m elevation, with an isolated record in southeastern Liaoning, China, 50 to 200 m elevation; western and southern Korean peninsular. 

Comment

See Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 101–102; Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 85; Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 92–95, for synonymy and account. See also Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 509–510; Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 36–38; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 166–167. Relationships with Rana nigromaculata discussed by Kawamura and Nishioka, 1979, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 55: 171–185. Kuramoto, 1983, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 6: 253–267, suggested that Pelophylax plancyi fukienensis and Pelophylax plancyi chosenicus (as Rana) might best be regarded as distinct species, Pelophylax fukienensis and Pelophylax chosenicus and they are so treated here. See also Yang, Yu, and Park, 1988, Korean J. Zool., 31: 1–10, Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 146–147; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 227; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 160–161, who regarded Pelophylax fukienensis as a subspecies of Pelophylax plancyi pending more thorough evaluation of the Chinese mainland populations. Pelophylax hubeiensis considered a synonym (as Rana) of Pelophylax plancyi; without discussion, by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 147. Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 66–68, provided an account for Shanxi. In the Pelophylax plancyi group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 110. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1056–1061, provided an account, figures, and map for China and included it in their Pelophylax plancyi group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 288, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 322, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Li, Lian, and Lu, 2010, Res. Tadpoles Liaoning: 38–41, described and pictured the larva.  Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 727, placed Pelophylax chosenicus and Pelophylax hubeiensis in synonymy on the basis of low genetic distances. 

Comment from former Pelophylax chosenicus record: Removed from the synonymy of Pelophylax plancyi (as Rana) by Kuramoto, 1983, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 6: 253-267, where it had been placed by Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 36. See comments under Pelophylax plancyiUeda, 1994, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 13: 197-232, noted that Pelophylax plancyi plancyiPelophylax plancyi chosenicus, and Pelophylax plancyi fukienensis (all as Rana) had three distinct call types. Nishioka, Okumoto, and Ryuzaki, 1987, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 9: 161, noted some reduced fertility between Pelophylax chosenicus and Pelophylax fukienensis (as subspecies of Pelophylax plancyi). See english summary of morphology (as Rana nigromaculata coreana) by Okada, 1928, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 270-271. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 68-69, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea (as Rana plancyi). Ra, Sung, Cheong, Lee, Eom, and Park, 2008, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 25: 894-903, reported on conservation biology. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Rana chosenica) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 503. Ra, Park, Cheong, Kim, and Sung, 2010, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 27: 396-401, reported on habitat preference and conservation biology. Dot map and discussion of status for North Korea provided by Song, 2016, J. Natl. Park Res., Rep. Korea, 7: 211–217. Borzée, Litvinchuk, Ri, Andersen, Nam, Jon, Man, Choe, Kwon, Othman, Messenger, Bae, Shin, Kim, Maslova, Luedtke, Hobin, Moores, Seliger, Glenk, and Jang, 2021, Animals, 11 (2057): 1–37, provided locality records, a distribution map as well as modeled distribution, life history comments, and conservation status for P.D.R. Korea. 

Comment from Pelophylax hubeiensis record: Mou and Zhao, 1992, in Jiang (ed.), Collect. Pap. Herpetol.: 15-26, suggested on the basis of identical call parameters, that Pelophylax hubeiensis is a junior synonym of Pelophylax plancyi. This was followed by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 147. But, Pelophylax hubeiensis was retained (as Pelophylax hubeiensis) by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 221; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 160-161. See comment under Pelophylax plancyiFei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 174, provided a brief account and illustration (as Pelophylax hubeiensis). In the Pelophylax plancyi group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 110. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1043-1049, provided an account, figures, and map for China and included it in their Pelophylax plancyi group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 284-285, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 320–321, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. See comments by Zhao, Wang, Wang, Liu, and Lu, 2015, J. Henan Normal Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 46: 705–711. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 213–217, provided a detailed account for Hunan, China.

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