Rana amurensis Boulenger, 1886

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana amurensis

Rana middendorffi Steenstrup, 1869, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 1869: 18. Type(s): ZUIC. Type locality: Siberia. Synonymous nomen oblitum according to Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342.

Rana amurensis Boulenger, 1886, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 11: 598. Syntypes: ZMB 9864 (formerly 2 specimens according to the original publication) of which one was transferred subsequently to ZISP 5095, according to Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 286, who designated ZISP 5095 lectotype. Type locality: "Kissakawitsch [= Kasakevichevo, near Khabarovsk], Amour [= Amur]", Russia.

Rana muta johanseni Kashchenko, 1902, Izvestiia Imperatorskogo Tomskogo universiteta, 1902: 24 (offprint pagination). Types: Presumably ZISP. Type locality: Krasnaya Station, upstream of Chulym River, Khakassia Republic, Russia. Synonymy with Rana temporaria by Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 113; with Rana amurensis by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342.

Rana amurensis amurensisNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 80.

Rana temporaria johanseniLarionov, 1923, Izvestiya Gosudarstvennogo Tomskogo Univ., 72: 3.

Rana (Rana) amurensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, by implication; Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Laurasiarana) amurensisHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, for discussion.

English Names

Khabarovsk Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).

Siberian Wood Frog (Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 34; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 120; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342; Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 284). in

Heilongjiang Brown Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 158).

Amur Brown Frog (Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 60).


Western Siberia east to Sakhalin I., north-central to northeastern Mongolia, northeastern China (Heilongiang, Jilin, south to Liaoning, along with adjacent Inner Mongolia) and P.D.R Korea south almost to the northwestern R. Korea border, north to beyond the Arctic Circle (northernmost 71° N).


In the Section Rana, subgenus Rana, Rana japonica group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. Often confused with Rana asiatica and Asian "Rana temporaria"; see Borkin, 1975 "1974", Tezisy Dokladov Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 1974: 6–7. Regarded as close to Rana amurensis by Xie, Fei, and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 74–80, who excluded this species from the Rana japonica group. Reviewed by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 520–521, and Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 38. See also Orlova, Bakharev, and Borkin, 1977, Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 74: 81–103, and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 181–188, for discussion. See Tanaka-Ueno, Matsui, Sato, Takenaka, and Takenaka, 1998, Japan. J. Herpetol., 17: 91–97, for phylogenetic relationships and discussion. See account by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342–349, who provided a discussion of the misuse of the name Rana cruenta Pallas, 1814 (= Bombina bombina), as did Kuzmin, 1996, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 1: 51–53. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 158-159, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Sumida, Ueda, and Nishioka, 2003, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 20: 567–580, reported on molecular phylogenetic relationships and reproductive incompatability of this species with other brown frogs in East Asia. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 60–61, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 284–322, provided an extensive account. Li, Lu, and Li, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 268–270, provided a distribution map for China. See comment under Rana coreana. Li, Lu, Wang, Wang, Fang, and Li, 2005, Herpetol. Sinica, 10: 63–67, compared this species in northeastern China with Rana zhenhaiensis, Rana chensinensis, Rana dybowskii, Rana huanrenensis, and Rana kukunoris. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1028–1033, provided an account, figures, and map for China and included it in their Rana amurensis group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 294–295, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Kuzmin, 2013, Russ. J. Herpetol., 20: 193–196, reported  on the range in Mongolia. Terbish, Munkhbayar, and Munkhbaatar, 2013, Guide Amph. Rept. Mongolia: 20–21, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map for Mongolia. See detailed account for Mongolia by Kuzmin, Dunayev, Munkhbayar, Munkhbaatar, and Terbish, 2017, in Kuzmin (ed.), Amph. Mongolia: 152–183. Li, Lian, and Lu, 2010, Res. Tadpoles Liaoning: 41–44, described and pictured the larva. Dot map and discussion of status for North Korea provided by Song, 2016, J. Natl. Park Res., Rep. Korea, 7: 211–217.   

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