Rana amurensis Boulenger, 1886

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana amurensis

Rana middendorffi Steenstrup, 1869, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 1869: 18. Type(s): ZUIC. Type locality: Siberia. Synonymous nomen oblitum according to Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342.

Rana amurensis Boulenger, 1886, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 11: 598. Syntypes: ZMB 9864 (formerly 2 specimens according to the original publication) of which one was transferred subsequently to ZISP 5095, according to Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 286, who designated ZISP 5095 lectotype. Type locality: "Kissakawitsch [= Kasakevichevo, near Khabarovsk], Amour [= Amur]", Russia.

Rana muta johanseni Kashchenko, 1902, Izvestiia Imperatorskogo Tomskogo universiteta, 1902: 24 (offprint pagination). Types: Presumably ZISP. Type locality: Krasnaya Station, upstream of Chulym River, Khakassia Republic, Russia. Synonymy with Rana temporaria by Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 113; with Rana amurensis by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342.

Rana amurensis amurensisNikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 80.

Rana temporaria johanseniLarionov, 1923, Izvestiya Gosudarstvennogo Tomskogo Univ., 72: 3.

Rana (Rana) amurensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, by implication; Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Laurasiarana) amurensisHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, for discussion.

English Names

Khabarovsk Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).

Siberian Wood Frog (Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 34; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 120; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342; Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 284). in

Heilongjiang Brown Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 158).

Amur Brown Frog (Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 60).


Western Siberia east to Sakhalin I., north-central to northeastern Mongolia, northeastern China (Heilongiang, Jilin, south to Liaoning, along with adjacent Inner Mongolia) and south to east-central P.D.R Korea, north to beyond the Arctic Circle (northernmost 71° N).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Korea, Democratic People's Republic (North), Mongolia, Russia


In the Section Rana, subgenus Rana, Rana japonica group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. Often confused with Rana asiatica and Asian "Rana temporaria"; see Borkin, 1975 "1974", Tezisy Dokladov Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 1974: 6–7. Regarded as close to Rana amurensis by Xie, Fei, and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 74–80, who excluded this species from the Rana japonica group. Reviewed by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 520–521, and Shannon, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 38. See also Orlova, Bakharev, and Borkin, 1977, Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 74: 81–103, and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 181–188, for discussion. See Tanaka-Ueno, Matsui, Sato, Takenaka, and Takenaka, 1998, Japan. J. Herpetol., 17: 91–97, for phylogenetic relationships and discussion. See account by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 342–349, who provided a discussion of the misuse of the name Rana cruenta Pallas, 1814 (= Bombina bombina), as did Kuzmin, 1996, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 1: 51–53. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 158-159, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Sumida, Ueda, and Nishioka, 2003, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 20: 567–580, reported on molecular phylogenetic relationships and reproductive incompatability of this species with other brown frogs in East Asia. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 60–61, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea. Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 284–322, provided an extensive account. Li, Lu, and Li, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 268–270, provided a distribution map for China. See comment under Rana coreana. Li, Lu, Wang, Wang, Fang, and Li, 2005, Herpetol. Sinica, 10: 63–67, compared this species in northeastern China with Rana zhenhaiensis, Rana chensinensis, Rana dybowskii, Rana huanrenensis, and Rana kukunoris. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1028–1033, provided an account, figures, and map for China and included it in their Rana amurensis group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 294–295, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Kuzmin, 2013, Russ. J. Herpetol., 20: 193–196, reported  on the range in Mongolia. Terbish, Munkhbayar, and Munkhbaatar, 2013, Guide Amph. Rept. Mongolia: 20–21, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map for Mongolia. Adnagulov, 2016, Curr. Stud. Herpetol., Saratov, 16: 87–106, provided a dot map and discussion for Evreiskaya Autonomous Oblast, Far East Russia. See detailed account for Mongolia by Kuzmin, Dunayev, Munkhbayar, Munkhbaatar, and Terbish, 2017, in Kuzmin (ed.), Amph. Mongolia: 152–183. Li, Lian, and Lu, 2010, Res. Tadpoles Liaoning: 41–44, described and pictured the larva. Dot map and discussion of status for North Korea provided by Song, 2016, J. Natl. Park Res., Rep. Korea, 7: 211–217. Borzée, Litvinchuk, Ri, Andersen, Nam, Jon, Man, Choe, Kwon, Othman, Messenger, Bae, Shin, Kim, Maslova, Luedtke, Hobin, Moores, Seliger, Glenk, and Jang, 2021, Animals, 11 (2057): 1–37, provided locality records, a distribution map as well as modeled distribution, life history comments, and conservation status for P.D.R. Korea.   

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.