Zhangixalus feae (Boulenger, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus feae

Rhacophorus feae Boulenger, 1893, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 13: 338. Syntypes: (3 specimens) MSNG 29415, BMNH 1893.10.9.24 (now renumbered 1947.2.8.35 according to museum records), and ZMH A04063 (according to Hallermann, 2006, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 103: 140); MSNG 29415 designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 216. Type locality: "Thao", northern Myanmar.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) feaeAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 157; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus nigropalmatus feaeWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 202.

Rhacophorus feaeLiu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 261; Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 321; Tian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 64.

Polypedates feaeLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 98.

Zhangixalus feae — Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7.

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) feae — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication.  

English Names

Thao Whipping Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Brown-folded Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 276).

Fea's Treefrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 158).

Fea's Tree Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 460).

Fea's Large Treefrog (Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 231).

Fea's Gliding Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 47).


Myanmar (Kayah) through northern Thailand (Mae Hong Song, Chiang Mai, and Loei provinces) and Laos (Xiengkhouang, Louangphabang, and Xekong provinces) to the northern and central highlands of Vietnam, and limited border areas of southwestern Yunnan, China; possibly to Bangladesh, Cambodia, and easternmost India. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Likely/Controversially Present: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India


Discussed by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 439–441, as Rhacophorus nigropalmatus feae. See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 261–262. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 203–205; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 276–277, provided accounts. Removed from the synonymy of Rhacophorus nigropalmatus by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 321. In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) dennysii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. Li and Hu, 1996, Zool. Res., Kunming, 17: 483–488, reported  on karyology. Orlov, Lathrop, Murphy, and Ho, 2001, Russ. J. Herpetol., 8: 32–35, provided an account of the Vietnam population and discussed its close similarity to Rhacophorus dennysi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 96, commented on the Vietnamese distribution. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 158–159, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 37, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 478, provided a record for Phongsaly Province, Laos. Orlov, Nguyen, and Ho, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 67–84, provided a photograph and a key to differentiate this species from others in Vietnam. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 108–109, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 795–799, provided an account and a spot map for China and assigned this species to their Rhacophorus maximus group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 458, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 140, detailed the range in Thailand. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 541, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. A record for Thuong Tien Nature Reserve, Hoa Binh Province, in northern Vietnam, reported by Luu, Le, Do, Hoang, Nguyen, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 51–58.  Ziegler, Tran, Nguyen, Perl, Wirk, Kulisch, Lehmann, Rauhaus, Nguyen, Le, and Vu, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 185–201, provided a record for Ha Giang Province, Vietnam, and briefly discussed the range. Pham, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Herpetol. Notes, 10: 379–381, provided records for Son La Province, Vietnam, with notes on morphology and ecology. Youjaroen, Chuaynkern, Chuaynkern, Duengkae, Taksintum, and Phochayavanich, 2018, Russ. J. Herpetol., 25: 165–171, provided a map for Thailand. Kane, Michaels, and Tapley, 2018, Zootaxa, 4504: 138–144, reported on larval development. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 460–461, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 178–179, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 218–249, briefly discussed the natural history and range and provided records from Oudomzai and Louanghabang provinces, Laos. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 47, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Brakels, Maury, and Nguyen, 2021, Herpetol. Rev., 52: 793, provided a record from Laos, Xiengkhouang Province, Mork District and discussed the range. Pham, Nguyen, Tran, Le, Nguyen, Nguyen, Pham, Dang, and Doan, 2023, VNU J. Sci. Earth Environ. Sci., 39: 53–61, provided a record for Son La Province, Vietnam.  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.