Zhangixalus omeimontis (Stejneger, 1924)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus omeimontis

Polypedates omeimontis Stejneger, 1924, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 119. Holotype: USNM 66548, by original designation. Type locality: "Shin-kai-si, Mount Omei, Szechwan [=Sichuan] Province, China".

Rhacophorus schlegelii omeimontisWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 195.

Rhacophorus omeimontisLiu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 379; Tian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 65.

Polypedates omeimontisLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 98; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 185.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) omeimontisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus omeimontisRao, Wilkinson, and Liu, 2006, Zootaxa, 1258: 17, by implication.

Zhangixalus omeimontis — Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) omeimontis — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Omei Whipping Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Omei Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 280).


Sichuan and southeastern Yunnan eastward to Hubei and Guangxi, China, 700-200 m elevation, in isolated populations.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) dugritei group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. See accounts by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 379-388; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 262-264; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 331; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 280-281. Li and Hu, 1996, Zool. Res., Kunming, 17: 483–488, reported  on karyology. The record for Rhacophorus omeimontis from Vietnam by Orlov, Lathrop, Murphy, and Ho, 2001, Russ. J. Herpetol., 8: 29-32, was subsequently noted to be based on misidentified Rhacophorus duboisi by Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 81-104. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 212-213, provided a brief account and illustration (as Rhacophorus omeimontis). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 130-131, provided an account for Guangxi. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 127-128. Orlov, Nguyen, and Ho, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 67-84, provided a photograph and a key to differentiate this species from Vietnam and therefore implied its presence in Vietnam although they provided no specific localities and had in previous publication treated records of Rhacophorus omeimontis to apply to misidentified Rhacophorus duboisi. Rhacophorus pianbingensis was most closely related to Polypedates omeimontis according to the original publication. Considered a synonym of Polypedates duboisi; without discussion, by Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 95. Yu, Rao, Yang, and Zhang, 2008, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 153: 733-749, suggested tentatively that Rhacophorus pingbianensis is distinct and the sister taxon of Rhacophorus omeimontis. Yu, Rao, Zhang, and Yang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 571-579, found in a molecular analysis that the species was not monophyletic, with the Jinping County population being more closely related to Rhacophorus omeimontis. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 812, placed Rhacophorus pingbianensis in the synonymy of Rhacophorus omeimontis and placed the species in the Rhacophorus omeimontis group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 470-471, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 554-555, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 321–324, provided an account for Hunan, China. Zhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 168–170, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population in northeastern Guizhou, China. Jiang, Song, Liu, Zhang, Liu, Liu, Jia, and Chen, 2023, Asian Herpetol. Res., 14: 207, reported on the entire mitogenome.          

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